James Begbie FRSE FRCPE FRCSE (October 1798, Edinburgh – 26 August 1869, Edinburgh) was a Scottish medical doctor who served as president of the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Edinburgh (1850–2) and as president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (1854–6).
He was among the first physicians to give a detailed description of exophthalmic goitre, currently known as Graves disease (previously called Basedow's syndrome or Begbie's disease). He is also related to the study of Dubini's disease, the old name for myoclonic epidemic encephalitis.
His son James Warburton Begbie was also an eminent physician.
Begbie was born in Edinburgh, and educated at the High School and Edinburgh University (MD 1821). One of his instructors was John Abercrombie (1780–1844). Later on, he also became Abercrombie's assistant.
In 1821, Begbie obtained his medical doctorate from the University of Edinburgh. In 1822, he became a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. In 1847, he also became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and became its president from 1854 up to 1856. For forty years, Begbie was a physician for the Scottish Widow’s Fund and Life Assurance Society.
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