||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (August 2011)|
July 26, 1926
Powderly, Muhlenberg County
|Residence||Lake Murray, South Carolina|
|Occupation||Film, television, voice actor, artist, acting coach, college professor, singer and songwriter, guitarist|
|Children||Gary, Janeen, and Jojami Best|
James Best (born July 26, 1926) is an American actor, who in his six decades of television is best known for his starring role as bumbling Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane in the CBS television series The Dukes of Hazzard. He has also worked as an acting coach, artist, college professor, and musician.
Best was born as Jules Guy in Powderly in Muhlenberg County in western Kentucky, in 1926. His mother was the sister of Ike Everly, the father of the pop duo the Everly Brothers, and so the three were first cousins.
After his mother died in 1929, the three-year-old James was sent to live in an orphanage. He was later adopted by Armen Best (1897-1984) and his wife Essa (1896-1988) and went to live with them in Corydon in Harrison County in southern Indiana.
He began his acting career with an uncredited role in the 1950 film, One Way Street. Best portrayed a variety of characters in a wide spectrum of film genres. Some of his more notable roles include Jason Brown in the 1955 historical drama about the abolitionist John Brown entitled Seven Angry Men and as Kit Caswell in the 1958 western Cole Younger, Gunfighter, based on the infamous outlaw. He was further cast as Private Ridges in the 1958 film adaptation of Norman Mailer's The Naked and the Dead. He played the outlaw Billy John in Ride Lonesome (1959), Dr. Ben Mizer in the 1966 comedy Three on a Couch, the cross-dressing Dewey Barksdale in the 1976 drama Ode to Billy Joe, and the gunfighter Drew in Firecreek (1968), with James Stewart and Henry Fonda.
Best has guest starred more than 280 times on numerous television series. In 1954, he played the outlaw Dave Ridley, opposite Gloria Winters as the female bandit Little Britches in an episode of the syndicated Stories of the Century, starring and narrated by Jim Davis. In 1954, Best appeared twice in on the syndicated Annie Oakley series, starring Gail Davis and Brad Johnson. He was cast in the religion anthology series, Crossroads, in the 1956 episode "The White Carnation", along with Elinor Donahue, Ann Doran, and J. Carrol Naish. He was also cast on an episode of Jackie Cooper's early NBC sitcom, The People's Choice and in the David Janssen crime drama, Richard Diamond, Private Detective.
In 1960, Best appeared in the episode "Love on Credit" of CBS's anthology series, The DuPont Show with June Allyson. In 1963, he was cast as the courageous Wisconsin game warden, Ernie Swift, in the episode "Open Season" of another CBS anthology series, GE True, hosted by Jack Webb. In the story line, Swift faces the reprisal of organized crime after he tickets gangster Frank MacErlane (David McLean) for illegal fishing.
Best made two guest appearances on Perry Mason. In 1963 he played title character Martin Potter in "The Case of the Surplus Suitor," and in 1966 he played defendant and oilman Allan Winford in "The Case of the Unwelcome Well."
He appeared on a long list of other television series including Wagon Train (three times), The Adventures of Kit Carson (twice as Henry Jordan), the western anthology series Frontier (twice), Sheriff of Cochise, Pony Express, Rescue 8, Behind Closed Doors, The Texan, The Rebel, Bonanza, Gunsmoke, Have Gun – Will Travel,Trackdown, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, Tombstone Territory, Whispering Smith, Stagecoach West, The Twilight Zone ("The Grave", "The Last Rites of Jeff Myrtlebank," and "Jess-Belle"), Wanted: Dead or Alive, Overland Trail, Bat Masterson, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Man and the Challenge, Combat!, The Mod Squad, I Spy, The Fugitive ("Terror At High Point"), and In the Heat of the Night.
The Dukes of Hazzard
Best played Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane on CBS's The Dukes of Hazzard from the debut of the program in 1979 until the series ended in 1985. This role was Best's most visible success. He later revealed that the caricature-like persona of Sheriff Coltrane was developed from a voice that he used when playing with his young children.
In the very early episodes, Sheriff Coltrane was a more serious, aggressive, and more competent police officer than he would be by the end of the first season, even shooting one crook on the toe in an early show. After the show became a hit among children and moved production from Georgia to California, the role of Sheriff Coltrane was toned down and made into the more familiar bumbling and comical character that is best remembered today. On the set, Best was particularly close to Sorrell Booke, who played the character of Boss Hogg, who was both the boss and the brother-in-law of Rosco. The two actors became close friends and according to interviews by the series creators, the two would often improvise their scenes together, making up their own dialogue as they went along.
The character of Rosco was best known for his love of "hot pursuit," chasing Bo and Luke Duke in car chases that usually ended badly, with Rosco losing them, a horrendous crash, or some other problem (such as "scuffing his vehicle" or ending up in Hazzard Pond or stuck in a tree). Rosco was a bachelor and childless, so he was also known for his love of his pet basset hound, Flash (introduced at the start of the third season, at the suggestion of Best), whom he loved and treated as if it was his child. Rosco was also known for insulting and yelling at his deputies, Enos Strate (played by Sonny Shroyer) and Cletus Hogg (played by Rick Hurst), most often calling them "dipstick" and he also often lied to them about the crooked plans that he and Boss Hogg were working on.
In 1991, in contrast to the comical Rosco Coltrane of Dukes of Hazzard, Best appeared in an episode of the NBC crime drama In the Heat of the Night. He won the Crystal Reel Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Nathan Bedford in the episode "Sweet, Sweet Blues", directed by Vincent McEveety and written by William James Royce, Best plays a repentant killer who has to come to terms with his crime.
He later moved to Florida and taught at the University of Central Florida in Orlando. Now semi-retired, Best runs a production company and takes occasional acting roles. He has also earned a name for himself as an artist and painter. Best formerly resided in Lake Murray, South Carolina before moving once again, this time to Hickory, North Carolina. A highly respected acting coach, Best taught drama and acting techniques for more than twenty-five years in Los Angeles. His acting school listed some of the top names in Hollywood as pupils. He also served as artist-in-residence and taught drama at the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi, for two years prior to his stint on The Dukes of Hazzard.
In 2009, James Best completed his autobiography, Best In Hollywood: The Good, The Bad and The Beautiful. The book, published in 2009 through Bear Manor Media, premiered at the Mid Atlantic Nostalgia Convention in Aberdeen, Maryland.
Personal life and family
In 1959, Best married the former Jobee Ayers, and the couple had two daughters, Janeen and Jojami. They divorced in 1977. Best also has a son, Gary, from a previous marriage.
- Winchester '73 (1950) as Crator
- Comanche Territory (1950) as Sam
- Kansas Raiders (1950) as Cole Younger
- Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man (1951) as Tommy Nelson (Arthur Franz's stand-in)
- The Battle at Apache Pass (1952) as Cpl. Hassett
- The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (1953) as an unnamed radar operator
- Seminole (1953) as Capt. Gerard
- Riders to the Stars (1954) as Sidney K. Fuller
- The Caine Mutiny (1954) as Lt. Jorgensen (uncredited)
- Forbidden Planet (1956) as an unnamed crewmember
- The Naked and the Dead (1958) as Pvt. Rhidges
- The Left Handed Gun (1958) as Tom Folliard
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Death Sentence (1958, Season 3, Episode 30) as Norman Frayne
- The Killer Shrews (1959) as Thorne Sherman
- Verboten! (1959) as David Brent
- The Andy Griffith Show (TV series, 1960–1968) as Jim Lindsey
- The Mountain Road (1960) as Niergaard
- The Twilight Zone (The Grave (1961) ) (TV series, 1959-1964) as Johhny Rob
- The Twilight Zone (The Last Rites of Jeff Myrtlebank (1962) ) (TV series, 1959–1964) as Jeff Myrtlebank
- The Rifleman (The Day The Town Slept (1962 Season 4, Episode 139) ) (TV series, 1958-1963) as Barrett
- Shock Corridor (1963) as Stuart Couter
- The Fugitive (season 1) December 17, 1963 "Terror at High Point"
- The Quick Gun (1964) as Sheriff Scotty Wade
- Combat! (1964) as Trenton
- Shenandoah (1965) as Carter
- The Virginian (Letter of The Law (1965) ) )]] (TV series, 1962–1971) as Curt Westley
- Three On A Couch (1966) as Dr. Ben Mizer
- The Guns of Will Sonnett (1967) episode "Meeting at Devil's Fork"
- Firecreek (1968) as Drew
- Sounder (1972) as Sheriff Young
- Ode to Billy Joe (1976) as Dewey Barksdale
- Nickelodeon (1976) as Jim
- Rolling Thunder (1977) as Texan
- Hooper (1978) as Cully
- The End (1978) as Pacemaker Patient
- Centennial (TV miniseries, 1978) as Hank Garvey
- The Dukes of Hazzard (TV series, 1979–1985) as Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane
- The Dukes (TV series, 1983) as Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane
- In the Heat of the Night (TV series, 1991) as retired Sheriff Nathadford - Crystal Reel Award, Best Actor
- Moondance Alexander (2007) as friend and storekeeper of the Alexanders (based on life of real-life daughter Janeen)
- The Sweeter Side of Life (2013) co-starring role as the father of the protagonist
Best in Hollywood: The Good, The Bad, And The Beautiful, by James Best with Jim Clark. Albany, 2009. BearManor Media. ISBN # 1-59393-460-2.
- "Stories of the Century: "Little Britches", June 17, 1954". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- "GE True". Classic Television Archive. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Best.|
- James Best at the Internet Movie Database
- James Best at AllMovie
- James Best's website
- James Best Bio at HazzardNet.com
- James Best Crystal Reel Awards