|James Peter Birrell|
|Awards||2005 RAIA Gold Medal |
|Buildings||Union College, University of Queensland James Purnell Building - University of Queensland, JD Story Administration Building - University of Queensland, Agriculture and Entomology Building (Hartley Teakle Building) - University of Queensland|
|Projects||Brisbane Centenary Pool Centre|
James Birrell was born in Melbourne 1928, the eldest child of Harry and Elizabeth Birrell. Growing up in North Essendon, Birrell attended North Essendon Primary School from 1934–40 and Essendon State High School from 1940-44.
In 1945 at the age of 17 James Birrell was accepted into the Melbourne Technical College as an architecture student. To help finance his studies Birrell worked part-time as a builder’s labourer. In 1947 Birrell began work as a draughtsman for the Victorian State Works Department and continued his studies Part-time. The same year he also became involved in the Contemporary Arts Society, through the Society he gained many new friends, notably Peter Burns.
In 1950 Birrell is accepted into Fourth Year Architecture at The University of Melbourne. In 1951 he graduated and designed his first houses, in Frankston and Warrandyte, Birrell also worked briefly as the resident Architect at The Commonwealth Serum Laboratories.
In 1952 Birrell co-founds the magazine Architecture and Arts with his contemporaries, Peter Burns, Helen O’Donnell and Norman Lehey. In 1954 Birrell contributes to the Contemporary Arts Society’s exhibition ‘Space Modulators’ along with artists including Sidney Nolan, Ian Fairweather, Charles Blackman, Arthur Boyd and John Perceval.
Working for The Commonwealth Works Department, Birrell was transferred to Canberra, before going on to Darwin and finally Brisbane. In Brisbane James Birrell went on to become Brisbane City Council Architect and University of Queensland Staff Architect. It was during this period that Birrell designed his most significant buildings.
Throughout his life Birrell admired the works of Walter Burley Griffin and in 1964 he wrote a biography on Griffin. In March 1985 James Birrell was elected as a councillor for the Shire of Maroochy in Queensland.
Brisbane City Council Architect
In 1956 as Brisbane City Council Architect Birrell designed the Chermsdale and Annerley Libraries as well as numerous public amenities. In 1957 his design proposal for the redevelopment of Toowong pool is successful, construction finishes in 1960. Re-opened as Centenary Pool, Architecture and Arts magazine named the building as one of the top ten buildings within Australia.
Birrell also designed the Toowong Library, completed in 1961, it sits opposite Centenary Pool on Coronation Drive. The building is heritage listed although is now used for commercial purposes.
University of Queensland Staff Architect
From 1961-66 James Birrell practiced as The University of Queensland Staff Architect. In this position he designed and documented Union College, which was constructed in five stages from 1964 and 1972. Union College was highly commended after its construction. It was visually pleasing while also being innovative in terms of the structure and its response to pre-existing site conditions. Union College received a High Commendation award from Arts and Architecture journal as one of the best ten new buildings in Australia at the time.
During his tenure as staff architect James Birrell was also responsible for the JD Story Administration Building (1965) the Agriculture and Entomology Building, now known as the Hartley Teakle Building (1966). Birrell was also responsible for the design of the campus plan at James Cook University in Townsville, and several of its early buildings 1964-1970. In 1965 Birrell became President of the Australian Planning Institute.
In 1966 he moved into private practice. Much of Birrell’s work in this period came from overseas. He worked for the University of Papua New Guinea, where he designed the Halls of Residence, Arts/Law and Arts II Buildings and Indonesia as a government planning consultant.
- Toowong Library and Pool designed while City Council Architect.
- Union College Building designed while University of Queensland Staff.
- Wickham Terrace car park
- Brisbane Centenary Pool Centre
- University Hall of Residence, James Cook University
- Eddie Koiki Mabo Library, James Cook University
- Ken Back Chancellory Building, James Cook University
- JD Story Administration Building - University of Queensland
- Agriculture and Entomology Building (Hartley Teakle Building) - University of Queensland
- Papua New Guinea Banking Corporation (PNGBC)(now Bank South Pacific), headquarters - Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
- Agriculture Bank - Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
- Union College, University of Queensland, RAIA High Commendation (1966)
- JD Story Administration Building, University of Queensland, RAIA Commendation
- Agriculture and Entomology Building (Hartley Teakle Building), University of Queensland, RAIA Citation (1970)
In 2005 Birrell was awarded the RAIA Gold Medal. Royal Australian Institute of Architects national president Warren Kerr said the Melbourne-born Brisbane-based architect had made a "spirited and distinguished contribution to the discipline of architecture".
- The University of Queensland Staff and Graduates Club have a room named the "James Birrell Room".
- James Birrell Collection
- RAIA Official Award Site
- Heritage Register - Union College Building[dead link]
- Gold Medal Winner 2005 - Australian Institute of Architects
- The Age News Report - Award of RAIA Gold Medal
- James Birrell Room - UQ Staff Club[dead link]