James Brisbane

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Sir James Brisbane
Born 1774
Died 19 December 1826
Penang, Malaya
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1787 to 1826
Rank Captain
Commands held HMS Daphne
HMS Cruizer
HMS Saturn
HMS Alcmene
HMS Belle Poule
HMS Vengeur
HMS Pembroke
East Indies Station
Battles/wars French Revolutionary Wars
Glorious First of June
Napoleonic Wars
Adriatic campaign of 1807–1814
Bombardment of Algiers
First Anglo–Burmese War
Awards Knight Bachelor
Companion of the Order of the Bath

Captain Sir James Brisbane, CB (1774 – 19 December 1826) was a British Royal Navy officer of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Although never engaged in any major actions, Brisbane served under both Lord Howe and Horatio Nelson and performed important work at the Cape of Good Hope, prior to the Battle of Copenhagen and in the Adriatic campaign of 1807–1814. In later life Brisbane became commander-in-chief in the East Indies. He contracted dysentery in Burma and arrived in Port Jackson (Sydney) aboard HMS Warspite where he died on 19 December 1826. He was a cousin of General Sir Thomas Brisbane who had earlier been governor of New South Wales.

Career[edit]

James Brisbane was born in 1774, the son of Admiral John Brisbane and the younger brother of future Admiral Charles Brisbane. In 1787 Brisbane went to sea aboard HMS Culloden and by 1794 he was signal midshipman aboard Lord Howe's flagship HMS Queen Charlotte. Brisbane served in this capacity at the Glorious First of June, where Queen Charlotte was heavily engaged and badly damaged. In the aftermath of the battle, Brisbane was promoted to lieutenant and was sent to the Cape of Good Hope, later joining George Elphinstone's flagship HMS Monarch and being present at the surrender of a Dutch squadron in Saldanha Bay.[1]

Brisbane was given command of one of the captured Dutch ships and later the frigate HMS Daphne as a commander, but on his return to Britain in 1797 was reduced to reserve. Remaining on half-pay until 1800, Brisbane married Jemima Ann Ventham shortly before he was returned to sea in command of HMS Cruizer. Cruizer was attached to Sir Hyde Parker's Baltic fleet on commissioning and Brisbane came under the direct command of Admiral Horatio Nelson, who used Cruizer to take soundings and make charts of the approaches to Copenhagen prior to the British attack on the city at the Battle of Copenhagen. Brisbane impressed his superiors in this duty and in 1801 was made a post captain and commanded HMS Saturn under Admiral Thomas Totty until the admiral's death.[1]

Between 1803 and 1805, Brisbane commanded the Kent sea fencibles and in 1807 took command of HMS Alcmene off Ireland. In 1809, he moved to HMS Belle Poule, and commanded her in the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea in the early stages of the Adriatic campaign of 1807–1814. There Brisbane captured the French frigate Var off Valona. He later participated in the capture of several of the Ionian Islands and remained in the region until 1811, becoming an expert in coastal operations.[1]

In late 1811 Brisbane took command of Vengeur, and stayed with her for a year. He then transferred to the command of the newly built HMS Pembroke in the Channel Fleet. In 1813 he returned to the Mediterranean, where he remained for the rest of the war.[1]

In 1816, Pembroke was attached to the force under Lord Exmouth that bombarded Algiers and on his return home, Brisbane was knighted. He was already a Companion of the Order of the Bath, having been admitted to the order in 1815.[2]

In 1825, Brisbane was made commander-in-chief of the East Indies Station and sailed there as commodore, arriving in 1826 and taking part in the latter stages of the First Anglo-Burmese War, in which he had some success in riverine operations. During the campaign however he contracted a fatal illness and died from it at Penang in Malaya late in 1826. Brisbane is remembered as a popular and capable commander whose expertise was focused on coastal and riverine operations, which he conducted with success throughout his career.[1]

Memorial[edit]

The memorial to Sir James Brisbane in St James' Church, Sydney

A memorial to Sir James Brisbane was erected in St James' Church, Sydney in 1830.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Brisbane, Sir James, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, J. K. Laughton, Retrieved 13 July 2008
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17179. p. 1915. 5 October 1816. Retrieved 13 July 2008.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne. 

Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Grant
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station
1825–1826
Succeeded by
William Hall Gage