James Brown (Louisiana)
|United States Senator
February 5, 1813 – March 4, 1817
|Preceded by||Thomas Posey|
|Succeeded by||William C. C. Claiborne|
March 4, 1819 – December 10, 1823
|Preceded by||Eligius Fromentin|
|Succeeded by||Josiah S. Johnston|
|1st Secretary of State of Kentucky|
June 5, 1792 – October 13, 1796
|Preceded by||New office|
|Succeeded by||Harry Toulmin|
September 11, 1766|
|Died||April 7, 1835
|Spouse(s)||Ann "Nancy" Hart|
|Alma mater||Washington and Lee University College of William and Mary|
James Brown (September 11, 1766 – April 7, 1835) was a lawyer, U.S. Senator from Louisiana and Minister to France. He was the brother of John Brown, the cousin of John Breckinridge, James Breckinridge and Francis Preston, brother-in-law to Henry Clay and Nathaniel G. S. Hart, the uncle of James Brown Clay, Henry Clay, Jr., John Morrison Clay, the great uncle of B. Gratz Brown and the cousin-in-law of Thomas Hart Benton.
Early life and education
Born near Staunton, Virginia, Brown attended Washington College (later Washington and Lee University) in Lexington, Virginia, and William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Virginia. He read law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Frankfort, Kentucky.
Brown served as secretary to the Virginia Governor in 1792. On June 5, 1792, Isaac Shelby, the first governor of Kentucky, nominated Brown as Secretary of State; he was confirmed by the state senate and served until October 13, 1796. Soon after the territorial transfer pursuant to the Louisiana Purchase, Brown moved to New Orleans and was appointed as secretary of the Territory of Orleans in 1804. He served from October 1 to December 11 of that year, when he became U.S. district attorney for the Territory.
In January 1811, some slaves from James Brown's plantations joined in the 1811 German Coast Uprising, including the notorious Kook, one of the leaders of the insurrection. It was the largest slave rebellion in US history, but it was short-lived, and the insurgents killed only two white men. In the aftermath of confrontation with the militia and executions after tribunals, ninety-five blacks were killed. Some of the men were from Haiti, brought to Spanish Louisiana several years earlier by white French refugees from the violence and havoc of the Haitian Revolution. Others were from Africa.
Brown was elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate on December 1, 1812, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Jean Noel Destréhan, and served from February 5, 1813, to March 3, 1817. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection; yet he was elected again to the U.S. Senate in 1819, as an Adams-Clay Republican. He served from March 4, 1819, until December 10, 1823, when he resigned. During his tenure, Brown was the chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Sixteenth Congress).
He died there in 1835 and was buried at Christ Church, Philadelphia, the church of statesmen.
- "Secretary of State James Brown". Kentucky Secretary of State
- "Secretary of State James Brown". Kentucky Secretary of State. Retrieved 2011-05-09.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Hardin, Bayless (April 1942). "The Brown Family of Liberty Hall". Filson Club Historical Quarterly 16 (2). Retrieved 2011-12-06.
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Louisiana
Served alongside: Allan B. Magruder, Eligius Fromentin
William C.C. Claiborne
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Louisiana
Served alongside: Henry Johnson
Josiah S. Johnston
|United States Minister to France
William C. Rives