James C. Cacheris (born 1933 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a judge on the United States District Court in the Eastern District of Virginia.
Cacheris was educated at University of Pennsylvania where he earned a B.S. in 1955. He earned a J.D. in 1960 from The George Washington University Law School. Cacheris served as assistant corporation counsel from 1960 to 1962, in Washington, D.C., before entering private practice in 1962. He remained in private practice in Washington, D.C. and northern Virginia until 1971, when he became a judge on the 19th Judicial Circuit of Virginia, Fairfax Circuit Court. Cacheris was nominated to the Federal District Court by President Ronald Reagan on October 20, 1981 and confirmed by the Senate on November 24, 1981. He was chief judge from 1991 to 1997. He assumed senior status (a reduced workload) on March 30, 1998, and was succeeded in the regular appointment by Gerald Bruce Lee.