James C. Greenwood

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For other people named James Greenwood, see James Greenwood (disambiguation).
Jim Greenwood
Jim Greenwood.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 8th district
In office
January 5, 1993 – January 3, 2005
Preceded by Peter Kostmayer
Succeeded by Mike Fitzpatrick
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate
from the 10th district
In office
January 6, 1987 – January 5, 1993[1]
Preceded by Edward Howard
Succeeded by David Heckler
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from the 143rd district
In office
January 6, 1981 – November 30, 1986
Preceded by Margaret George
Succeeded by David Heckler
Personal details
Born (1951-05-04) May 4, 1951 (age 63)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Christina "Tina" Paugh Greenwood
Religion Presbyterian

James Charles "Jim" Greenwood (born May 4, 1951) is an American politician in the Republican Party. He represented Pennsylvania's Eighth Congressional District for six terms in the United States House of Representatives.

Greenwood became president and CEO of the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) in 2004.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Greenwood was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and grew up in Holland, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Dickinson College with a B.A. in sociology in 1973, served as an aide to state Representative John S. Renninger and as a houseparent for children with intellectual disabilities and emotional disorders. From 1977 until 1980, he was a caseworker for the Bucks County Children and Youth Social Service Agency, working with abused and neglected children.

He and his wife, Tina, have four children.

Political career[edit]

Greenwood was elected to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1980 as a Republican and the Pennsylvania Senate in 1986. In 1992, Greenwood defeated Democratic Congressman Peter H. Kostmayer for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives representing Pennsylvania’s 8th district.

As a centrist with libertarian views on social issues and conservative stances on taxes and economic issues, Greenwood's overall voting record was moderate. He was known as an effective legislator.[3] He voted against two of the four impeachment charges against President Bill Clinton in 1998, and sided with the House Democrats to oppose Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003. He also served on the House Energy and Commerce Committee and was Chairman of the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. In this role, he led investigations and held hearings on a variety of issues within the vast jurisdiction of the Committee including corporate governance, bioterrorism, port and border security, drug importation, and the safety of nuclear power plants.

A co-founder and co-chair of the House Oceans Caucus, Greenwood was the author of comprehensive, bipartisan legislation to preserve, protect, and research ocean resources. He also worked to increase communication among world leaders to address international environmental issues. As a member of the Education and Workforce Committee, he was a leading voice in the efforts to ensure that sufficient federal funds were appropriated to meet the needs of children in special education programs and to prevent school violence.

Greenwood announced in the midst of the 2004 congressional election that he would not seek re-election and retire. He had already won the 8th district's Republican primary, and his abrupt withdrawal raised many questions. Greenwood released a statement saying: "From time to time during my twenty four years of public service, I have been approached and offered other types of challenges and opportunities. Such has been the case in the last few days, and I am currently reviewing one of these opportunities. I will make my decision public in the very near future and will have no other statement until then."[citation needed]

After serving six terms in Congress, Greenwood was appointed President and CEO of the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), a biotechnology trade association based in Washington, DC.[4]

After politics[edit]

Greenwood is currently the president and CEO of the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO).[5] BIO represents more than 1,200 biotechnology companies, academic institutions, state biotechnology centers, and related organizations across the United States and in more than 30 other nations. BIO members are involved in the research and development of healthcare, agriculture, industrial and environmental biotechnology products.[6]

Greenwood is also a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival's Advisory Board.[7] Greenwood is also a member of Marine Conservation Biology Institute's Board of Directors.[8] In 2014, Greenwood joined the board of directors of the National Audubon Society.[9]

Electoral history[edit]

Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district: Results 1992–2002[10]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1992 Peter H. Kostmayer 114,095 46% James C. Greenwood 129,593 52% William H. Magerman Magerman for Congress 5,850 2%
1994 John P. Murray 44,559 27% James C. Greenwood 110,499 66% Jay Russell Libertarian 7,925 5% Robert J. Cash Cash for Congress 4,191 3%
1996 John P. Murray 79,856 35% James C. Greenwood 133,749 59% Richard J. Piotrowski Libertarian 6,991 3% David A. Booth Constitutional 5,714 3% *
1998 Bill Tuthill 48,320 33% James C. Greenwood 93,697 63% Scott Wolfertz Constitutional 3,917 3% James R. Blair Reform 1,229 1% *
2000 Ronald L. Strouse 100,617 39% James C. Greenwood 154,090 59% Philip C. Holmen Reform 5,394 2%
2002 Timothy T. Reece 76,178 37% James C. Greenwood 127,475 63% *
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1996, write-ins received 12 votes. In 1998, Natural Law candidate Carolyn Boyce received 1,022 votes and write-ins received 15 votes. In 2002, write-ins received 34 votes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cox, Harold (2004). "Pennsylvania Senate - 1993-1994". Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University. 
  2. ^ "BIO President Carl Feldbaum to Retire at Year End" (Press release). Biotechnology Industry Organization. 2 February 2004. Retrieved 15 July 2009. 
  3. ^ "The PA Report "Power 75" List" (PDF). Pennsylvania Report. Capital Growth, Inc. January 31, 2003. Archived from the original on 2006-09-02. 
  4. ^ http://bio.org/news/pressreleases/newsitem.asp?id=2005_0105_01
  5. ^ Fischer, Stephanie (November 15, 2004). "News from U.S. Rep. James C. Greenwood". www.house.gov/greenwood/. Archived from the original on 2004-12-25. 
  6. ^ http://bio.org/aboutbio/
  7. ^ http://www.usasciencefestival.org/about/advisors
  8. ^ http://mcbi.org/staff_board/staff_board.htm
  9. ^ http://www.audubon.org/board-directors
  10. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2007-08-08. 

External links[edit]

Media related to James C. Greenwood at Wikimedia Commons

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Peter Kostmayer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district

1993–2005
Succeeded by
Mike Fitzpatrick
Pennsylvania State Senate
Preceded by
Edward Howard
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate for the 10th District
1987–1993
Succeeded by
David Heckler
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Preceded by
Margaret George
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for the 143rd District
1981–1986
Succeeded by
David Heckler