James Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife

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The Duke of Fife
3rd Duke of Fife.jpg
Portrait by Allan Warren, 1985
Born (1929-09-23) 23 September 1929 (age 84)
Tenure 26 February 1959 – present
Predecessor Princess Alexandra of Fife
Spouse(s) Caroline Dewar (m. 1956–66)
Issue Lady Alexandra Etherington
David Carnegie, Earl of Southesk
Parents Charles Carnegie, 11th Earl of Southesk
Princess Maud of Fife

James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife[1] (born 23 September 1929) is a great-grandson of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. He is the first person in the line of succession to the British throne who is not a descendant of King George V. As a cognatic great-grandson of a British sovereign, he does not carry out royal and official duties or receive any funds from the Civil List. The Duke of Fife is the second cousin to Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Harald V of Norway. Through his maternal grandfather, he is also a descendant of William IV of the United Kingdom and his mistress Dorothea Jordan, and a distant cousin of David Cameron.

Early life[edit]

The Duke is the only son of the 11th Earl of Southesk (1893–1992) and his wife, Princess Maud of Fife (1893–1945), the younger daughter of the 1st Duke of Fife and Louise, Princess Royal.

The Duke was educated at Ludgrove, Gordonstoun School, and at the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester. He served with the Scots Guards in Malaya in 1948–50. He served as vice patron of the Braemar Royal Highland Society and of the British Olympic Association.

Duke of Fife[edit]

The Dukedom of Fife was first granted in 1889 to the Duke's grandfather, the 6th Earl of Fife, by Queen Victoria on his marriage to Princess Louise of Wales, the eldest daughter of the Prince of Wales. In April 1900, the first Duke received a new patent as Duke of Fife and Earl of Macduff in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, this time with a special remainder to his daughters by Princess Louise and their male issue. As the only surviving children of the Duke and Princess Louise were two daughters, the dukedom eventually passed to Princess Alexandra of Fife, who later became Princess Arthur of Connaught.

On 26 February 1959, the present duke succeeded his maternal aunt, Princess Arthur of Connaught, Duchess of Fife, as Duke of Fife and Earl of Macduff, because her only child, Alastair, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, had predeceased her. On 16 February 1992 the third Duke also succeeded his father as Earl of Southesk and as chief of the Clan Carnegie.

He lives at Elsick House, on his estate near Stonehaven in Kincardineshire.

Marriage[edit]

The Duke in front of Elsick House
(photograph by Allan Warren, 1984)

On 11 September 1956, the then Lord Carnegie married The Hon. Caroline Dewar (born 12 February 1934), the elder daughter of the 3rd Baron Forteviot. They divorced in 1966.

The marriage produced three children:[2]

  • Stillborn son (4 April 1958)
  • The Lady Alexandra Clare Carnegie (born 20 June 1959) m. London 11 May 2001 Mark Fleming Etherington, and has issue.
  • David Charles Carnegie, Earl of Southesk (born 3 March 1961), styled Earl of Macduff (by courtesy) from birth until his paternal grandfather's death 16 February 1992, thereafter styled Earl of Southesk; m. 16 July 1987 Caroline Anne Bunting (born 13 November 1961); and has issue.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • The Hon. James Carnegie (1929–1941)
  • Lord Carnegie (1941 – 26 February 1959)
  • His Grace The Duke of Fife (since 26 February 1959)

Other titles[edit]

  • 12th Earl of Southesk (Peerage of Scotland)
  • 3rd Earl of Macduff (Peerage of the United Kingdom)
  • 12th Lord Carnegie of Kinnaird (Peerage of Scotland)
  • 12th Lord Carnegie, of Kinnaird and Leuchars (Peerage of Scotland)
  • 4th Baron Balinhard of Farnell in the County of Forfar (Peerage of the United Kingdom)
  • 9th Carnegie Baronet (Baronetage of Nova Scotia)

Ancestry[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of James Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife
Coronet
A Coronet of a Duke
Crest
Centre: a Thunderbolt proper winged Or (Carnegie); Dexter: a Knight denoting the ancient MacDuff armed at all points on a Horse in full speed in his dexter hand a Sword erect all proper his Jupon Argent on his sinister arm a Shield Or charged with a Lion rampant Gules the visor of his helmet shut over which on a Wreath of his liveries with a long Mantling flowing therefrom behind him and ending in a Tassel of the fourth doubling of the third is set a Lion rampant issuing out of a Wreath of the third and fourth the Caparisons of the horse Gules fimbriated Or and thereon six Shields of the last each charged with a Lion rampant of the fourth (Dukedom of Fife); Sinister: a Man in armour issuing from the loins and wearing a Tabard emblazoned of the arms Argent on a Fess between three Boars' Heads erased Gules three Mascles Or sustaining with his dexter hand a Banner developed Argent having a Canton Azure charged with a Saltire of the first (Ethel, Countess of Southesk)
Escutcheon
Quarterly: 1st, Or a Lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure (Dukedom of Fife); 2nd, the arms of the United Kingdom as borne by HM King Edward VII differenced by a Label of five points Argent the points charged with two Thistles between three Crosses of St George Gules (HRH The Princess Royal, Duchess of Fife); 3rd, grandquarterly: 1st and 4th, Vert a Fess dancetty Ermine between a Hart's Head cabossed in chief and two Escallops in base Or (Duff of Braco); 2nd and 3rd, Gules three Skeans paleways Argent hafted and pommelled Or surmounted by as many Wolves' Heads couped of the third (Skene of that Ilk); 4th, Gules a Banner displayed Argent charged with a Canton Azure a Saltire of the second (Bannerman of Elsick); over all ensigned of an Earl's Coronet proper an Inescutcheon Argent an Eagle displayed Azure armed beaked and membered Gules on its breast an Antique Covered Cup Or (Carnegie)
Supporters
Dexter: a Lion rampant guardant Gules langued Azure collared with a Label of five points Argent the points charged with two Thistles between three Crosses of St George Gules; Sinister: a Talbot Argent collared Gules the Collar charged with a Label of three points Argent
Motto
Above the centre crest: Dred God; Above the dexter crest: Deo Juvante; Above the sinister crest: Pro Patria; Beneath the shield: Virtute Et Opera

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Brown (1 September 1995). "DNA Proves Bones Belong To Last Czar; Mystery of Nicholas's Missing Body Is Solved". Washington Post. Retrieved 26 January 2011. "The other was a distant cousin, James GAB Carnegie, the third Duke of Fife, of Scotland..." 
  2. ^ thePeerage.com http://www.thepeerage.com/p10160.htm#i101598

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Princess Arthur of Connaught
Duke of Fife
2nd creation
1959–present
Incumbent
Heir Apparent:
David Carnegie, Earl of Southesk
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Alexander Carnegie
Earl of Southesk
1992–present
Incumbent
Heir Apparent:
David Carnegie, Earl of Southesk
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
His Grace The Duke of Westminster
Gentlemen
His Grace The Duke of Fife
Succeeded by
Earl of Ulster
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Maximilian Lascelles
Line of succession to the British Throne
grandson of Louise, daughter of Edward VII
Succeeded by
Earl of Southesk