James Clement Dunn

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James Clement Dunn in 1921

James Clement Dunn (December 27, 1890, Newark, New Jersey – April 10, 1979, West Palm Beach, Florida[1]) was an American diplomat and a career employee of the United States Department of State. He served as the Ambassador of the United States to Italy, France, Spain, and Brazil. He had lived in Rome since his retirement in 1956. Born in Newark, on December 27 of 1890, and privately educated, Dunn at first wanted to become an architect, an interest that remained with him all his life.

In 1917 he became assistant naval attaché to Haiti. In 1920, he was made a third secretary at the embassy in Spain, a post he held for two years. He was chargé d'affaires in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, in 1922-24. After other assignments, he became a first secretary at the American Embassy in London. From 1928-1930 he served as the first person to hold the office of Chief of Protocol of the United States. In 1930-35, served as counsel to the Commission for the Study of Haiti. Dunn was chief political adviser to the Berlin Conference in 1945; deputy at the American meetings of the Council of Foreign Ministers in London, Paris and New York in 1945-46.

When representatives from 50 nations convened in San Francisco in April to June of 1945 to form the United Nations Dunn 'worked hard behind the scenes to create a pro-French consensus' and to protect France's colonial interests in French Indochina. He was once called a 'fascist' by Eleanor Roosevelt for his views on colonial matters. [2]

In 1946 he was a member of the delegation at the Paris Peace Conference . He was a governor of the Metropolitan Club and a member of the Knickerbocker Club, the River Club, the Regency Club and the Whist Club in New York, and of the Alibi Club in Chevy Chase, Md. He is survived by his wife, the former Mary Augusta Armour; two daughters Marianna Dunn of Manhattan and Cynthia Esterlechner of West Germany; three grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "James Clement Dunn, U.S. Diplomat in Europe" (fee). The New York Times. 1979-04-11. Retrieved 2007-08-27. 
  2. ^ Logevall, Fredrik (2013). Embers of War. Random House. p. 89. ISBN 9780375504426. 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Alexander C. Kirk
United States Ambassador to Italy
1946–1952
Succeeded by
Ellsworth Bunker
Preceded by
David K. E. Bruce
United States Ambassador to France
1952–1953
Succeeded by
C. Douglas Dillon
Preceded by
Lincoln MacVeagh
United States Ambassador to Spain
1953–1955
Succeeded by
John Lodge
Preceded by
James S. Kemper
United States Ambassador to Brazil
11 March 1955–4 July 1956
Succeeded by
Ellis O. Briggs