James Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton

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James Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton (2 May 1687 – 3 October 1754), known as Lord Compton from 1687 to 1727, was a British peer and politician.

Northampton was the eldest son of George Compton, 4th Earl of Northampton, and his wife Jane (née Fox). He was elected to the House of Commons for Warwickshire in 1710, a seat he held until the following year, when he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Compton. Lord Northampton married Elizabeth, 14th Baroness Ferrers of Chartley, in 1716. He had no sons and was succeeded in the barony of Compton, which could be passed on through female lines, by his daughter Lady Charlotte, who also succeeded her mother in the barony of Ferrers of Chartley. The earldom was passed on to his younger brother George.

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Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir John Mordaunt
Andrew Archer
Member of Parliament for Warwickshire
1710–1711
With: Sir John Mordaunt
Succeeded by
Sir John Mordaunt
Sir William Boughton
Peerage of England
Preceded by
George Compton
Earl of Northampton
5th creation
1727 – 1754
Succeeded by
George Compton
Baron Compton
(writ in acceleration)

1711 – 1754
Succeeded by
Charlotte Townshend