James Cook University
|James Cook University|
Coat of Arms of James Cook University
|Chancellor||Lieutenant General John Grey AC (ret'd)|
|Location||Townsville, Brisbane, Cairns, Singapore, Queensland, Australia, Singapore|
James Cook University (JCU) is a public university based in Townsville, Queensland, Australia. The university has three Australian campuses in Townsville, Brisbane and Cairns respectively, and an international campus in Singapore. JCU is the second oldest university in Queensland—proclaimed in 1970—and the first tertiary education institution in North Queensland. JCU is one of only seventeen Australian universities that were listed in the ARWU top 400 academic world universities in 2008. Main fields of research include marine sciences, biodiversity, sustainable management of tropical ecosystems, tropical health care and tourism. JCU was one of the first Australian universities to offer tourism studies, and is recognised as a global leader in tourism education. The university's scholars have been ranked among the world’s top tourism academics by the prestigious Tourism Management Journal. [Note 1]
The university is named after the British sea captain James Cook who popularised the discovery and potential colonial value of the east coast of Australia and whose exploratory vessel HM Bark Endeavour ran aground for repairs in North Queensland.
After being proclaimed on 20 April 1970 as an Act of Queensland Parliament, The University College of Townsville became James Cook University of North Queensland on 29 April 1970. The official opening of the university was conducted by Queen Elizabeth II. On 1 January 1982, JCU amalgamated with The Townsville College of Advanced Education located adjacent to the main campus in Douglas. The university established a presence in Cairns in 1987 and moved to its current location in the suburb of Smithfield in 1996. On 1 January 1991, the School of Art and Design of the Townsville College of TAFE was transferred to JCU. The current name of James Cook University became official on 1 January 1998. In 2003 the University opened an international campus referred to as JCUS in Singapore. The university further expanded its presence by establishing another campus in Brisbane, Queensland in 2006.
A year after JCU's proclamation, Cyclone Althea struck the Townsville region. This, together with the destruction caused by Cyclone Tracy in Darwin 1974, prompted the establishment of a cyclone research facility. The Cyclone Testing Station started out as a small project of Professor Hugh Trollope and began its operations on 1 November 1977 as James Cook Cyclone Structural Testing Station. The facility has since grown and changed its name to Cyclone Testing Station in 2002 to better indicate its scope of testing and services provided. The Cyclone Testing Station operates as an independent unit of The School of Engineering and serves as an advising member to the Australian Standards committee in areas of structural design, more specifically wind actions.
JCU Townsville redevelopment 
The Discovery Rise project was announced in September 2007. The $1 billion project is aimed at completely redeveloping the University campus (or, "The Estate"), faculties and attracting more students to JCU. Initial stages of planning and design are currently under way and the project is estimated to be finished in 2015. Included in the project will be major upgrading of student facilities, creation of extra on-campus residential housing, commercial site-leasing, a student village and upgrading of sports facilities.
Campus and setting 
Douglas Campus (Townsville) 
JCU's main campus moved from a small campus in the coastal city of Townsville (Pimlico suburb) to a 386-hectare area of bush land in the suburb of Douglas, near the army base and the lee of Mount Stuart, during the early 1970s. It has a widely spread out area of buildings in between remnant patches of trees. Close to the university is the new Townsville Hospital and Tropical North Queensland Institute of TAFE.
Cairns Campus 
The Cairns Campus of James Cook University is located 15 kilometres NNW of Cairns CBD, a city on the east coast of Australia, in the suburb of Smithfield. Opened in 1996, this campus is situated in a mountainous rainforest area of tropical North Queensland.
Singapore International Campus 
On 18 July 2008, JCU Singapore relocated to a new campus at 600 Upper Thomson Road.
Other facilities 
Apart from the three main campuses, JCU has more than 20 specialist research centres and institutes throughout Queensland and New South Wales with the most prominent ones being in Mount Isa, Thursday Island, Mackay, Brisbane and Sydney.
The university is home to the "Cyclone Testing Station" which operates as a self-funded unit within the School of Engineering and is a contributing member of the Australian Standards with regards to Wind Actions.
The university serves as a catchment area for students in the whole region and in 2007 its student population was at 16,338 which includes 3,450 international students.
The university is well known for its medicine, marine sciences, comparative genomics, engineering and tourism. In 2001 the university took in its first medical students in its then-new School of Medicine. An undergraduate veterinary degree was added to the university for the first time in 2006. The university is also offering degrees in astronomy, including a Doctor of Astronomy degree, through on-line courses.
Organisational structure 
The university is organised into faculties, schools and departments/divisions.
Faculty of Art, Education and Social Sciences 
- School of Art and Social Sciences
- Department of Anthropology, Archaeology and Sociology
- Department of Humanities
- Department of Psychology
- Department of Social Work & Community Welfare, including Centre for Women's Studies
- School of Education
- School of Indigenous Australian Studies
Faculty of Law, Business and the Creative Arts 
Faculty of Medicine, and Health and Molecular Sciences 
- Australian Institute of Tropical Medicine
- Indigenous Health Unit
- Mount Isa Centre for Rural and Remote Health
- School of Medicine and Dentistry
- School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition
- School of Pharmacy and Molecular Sciences
- School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences
- Public Health and Tropical Medicine
- Occupational Therapy
- Speech Pathology
- Institute of Sport and Exercise Science
- School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Science and Engineering 
- School of Earth and Environmental Science
- School of Engineering and Physical Sciences
- School of Marine and Tropical Biology
- Australian Centre for Tropical Freshwater Research
- ARC Centre of Excellence - Coral Reef Studies
Research produced by the Melbourne Institute in 2006 ranked Australian universities across seven main discipline areas: Arts & Humanities, Business & Economics, Education, Engineering, Law, Medicine, and Science. For each discipline, James Cook University was ranked:
|Discipline||R 1||No.||R 2||No.|
|Arts & Humanities||23||38||20||38|
|Business & Economics||30||39||32||38|
- R1 refers to Australian and overseas Academics' rankings in tables 3.1 - 3.7 of the report.
- R2 refers to the Articles and Research rankings in tables 5.1 - 5.7 of the report.
- No. refers to the total number of institutions in the table against which JCU is compared.
Student Association 
Students are represented by the James Cook University Student Association which used to include sub organisations of Cairns Campus Student Association and the James Cook University Postgraduate Student Association, a member of the Council of Australian Postgraduate Associations. However, the Student Association Council has since merged into one representative body with seven elected members, with the positions of Townsville and Cairns Campus Officer, and Postgraduate Officer replacing the former campus and Postgraduate bodies.
Among the services provided by the Student Association are academic support, general administrative help, student welfare and non-academic activities. The Student Association publishes the student newspaper, The Bullsheet, fortnightly while the university is in session.
The current president of the Student Association is Jesse Cook.
Residential colleges 
The Douglas Campus has eight on-campus residential colleges which can accommodate about 1,400 students. Student accommodation at the Cairns Campus can accommodate 240 students. However, this accommodation is not located on the campus grounds, being directly opposite the campus. The halls of residence/colleges are:
Douglas Campus 
|St Mark's Colleges||1965|
|The John Flynn College||1968|
|St Paul's Colleges||1969|
|St Raphael's Colleges||1971|
|Western Hall||1981 - 2007|
|Rotary International House||1990|
|George Roberts Hall||2002|
Accommodation is also available when the university is not in session.
The individual colleges provide different services and support to students and are also situated in the tropical gardens of the campus.
Notable alumni and staff 
- Andrew Stoner, National Party Member for Oxley in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
- Bruce Kapferer, Australian social anthropologist, Foundation Professor, 1996–1999
- Dale Spender, Australian feminist scholar, teacher, writer and consultant
- Eddie Mabo, indigenous community leader and human rights activist employed at JCU as a gardener-groundsman between 1967 - 1971.
- George Musgrave, awarded an honorary Doctorate of Letters for his knowledge of traditional law
- Henry Reynolds, Australian historian
- John Newfong, Aboriginal Australian journalist
- Josh Hall, professional Australian Rules Footballer for the Gold Coast Suns.
- Margaret Reynolds, former Australian Senator
- Mike Reynolds, former Australian Labor Party member for Townsville and Speaker in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland
- Paul Fairall, founding dean of University of South Australia was a law professor at JCU and the Dean of Law between 1998 - 2002 before becoming the Dean of Law at the University of Adelaide in 2002.
- John Cooney, Java Pro
- Percy Trezise, Awarded an honorary Doctorate of Letters in recognition of outstanding service to the community of Far North Queensland
- Robert M. Carter, Geologist and climate change skeptic
- Silma Ihram, Pioneer of Muslim education in Australia
- Tommy George, Awarded an honorary Doctorate of Letters for his knowledge of ecological expertise
- Tony Mooney, Former mayor of Townsville
- John Quiggin, Australian economist
- Sonny Thoss, PBA Player of Alaska Aces
Official website 
- "2007 Student Statistics". Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- Weibing Zhaoa et al. (April 2007) "An investigation of academic leadership in tourism research: 1985–2004", Tourism Management Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 476–490
- Giri Jogaratnam et al. (October 2005) "An analysis of institutional contributors to three major academic tourism journals: 1992–2001", Tourism Management, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 641-648
- On reverse side of all JCU official Statement of Academic Record sheets printed after January 1998.
- "Townsville History (City Council)". Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Higher Education Legislation 1998". Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Cyclone Testing Station". Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions. Sydney & Wellington: Standards Australia & Standards New Zealand. 2005. ISBN 0-7337-4473-7.
- "Discovery Rise Media Release". Archived from the original on 2007-09-02. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- ABC News: James Cook Uni plans Townsville campus facelift
- "Discovery Rise Timeline". Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Discovery Rise Key Elements". Archived from the original on 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Douglas Campus Grounds". Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- "Cairns Location". Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- "JCU Singapore Background". Retrieved 2007-10-17.[dead link]
- "Tropical research". Archived from the original on 2007-09-22. Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- "Innovative Research Universities of Australia". Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- Official Website of the School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University
- "Melbourne Institute Rankings" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- JCU Student Association
- JCU Postgraduate Student Association
- "JCU Student Association". Archived from the original on 2007-09-06. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- "Residential Colleges". Archived from the original on 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- "Date of St Mark's College Establishment". Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- "Dates of Halls of residence establishment". Archived from the original on 2007-09-16. Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- "Date of The John Flynn College Establishment". Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- "Date of St Paul's College Establishment". Archived from the original on 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- "Date of St Raphael's College Establishment". Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- "Western Hall Closes". Retrieved 2007-11-13.[dead link]
- "Douglas Halls of Residence". Archived from the original on 2007-09-10. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Eddie Mabo". Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- "Paul Fairall" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- "John Cooney". Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- "Tony Mooney". Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- "While counting the number of published articles in selected journals may be simple to perform and interpret, this approach is subject to many methodological problems. Wood (1995), as well as Losekoot, Verginis, and Wood (2001), argued that counting publications in selected journals as an indicator of academic productivity is too narrow and geographically-based." Rob Law et al. (October 2007,) "Evaluating Research Performance in Tourism and Hospitality: The Perspective of University Program Heads", Tourism Management, Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 1203-1211