James Cox (1723–1800) was a British jeweller, goldsmith and entrepreneur doing business at the Golden Urn, in Racquet Court, [1 ] Fleet Street, London. who is now best known for creating ingenious [2 ] automata and mechanical clocks, including Cox's timepiece, powered by atmospheric pressure, and the Peacock Clock, now in the [3 ] State Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.
For a time in the 1770s Cox managed a private museum in London, in which capacity he managed to purchase
Oliver Cromwell's head as a curiosity. In 1773, in conjunction with John Joseph Merlin (1735-1803), Cox built the Silver Swan automaton now exhibited at the Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Teesdale, County Durham. [4 ]
Cox despatched his son
John Henry to Canton, China in 1782 to sell off an accumulated stock of mechanical toys known as “singsongs”, which were popular with the Chinese. In Canton, both James and John Henry became partners with [5 ] Daniel Beale and his brother Thomas in the firm of Cox & Beale.
References [ edit ]
^ James Cox (ca. 1723–1800): Goldsmith and Entrepreneur Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History; Roger Smith "James Cox (c. 1723-1800): A Revised Biography" The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 142, No. 1167 (Jun., 2000), pp. 353-361
^ Arthur Grimwade , London Goldsmiths 1697-1837: Their Marks and Lives, s.v. "Cox, James"
^ The State Hermitage Museum: Exhibitions
^ Holledge, Richard (21 December 2012). "Magic Wrought by a Merlin". Wall Street Journal . Retrieved 19 October 2014.
^ Ride, Lindsay; Ride, May; Mellor, Bernard (ed.) (1996). An East India company cemetery: Protestant burials in Macao. Hong Kong Univ Press. ISBN 978-962-209-384-3. Online version at Google books p. 13
External links [ edit ]
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