- This article is about the biography of the poet James Dickey. For his poetic influence, see Poetry in the early 21st century.
|Born||James Lafayette Dickey
February 2, 1923
|Died||January 19, 1997
Columbia, South Carolina, USA
|Occupation||Poet, novelist, critic, lecturer|
James Lafayette Dickey (February 2, 1923 – January 19, 1997) was an American poet and novelist. He was appointed the eighteenth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1966. He also received the Order of the South award.
James Dickey was born to lawyer Eugene Dickey and Maibelle Swift in Atlanta, Georgia, where he attended North Fulton High School in Atlanta's Buckhead neighborhood. In 1942 he enrolled at Clemson Agricultural College of South Carolina and played on the football team as a tailback. After one semester, he left school to enlist in the Army Air Corps. Dickey served with the U.S. Army Air Forces as a radar operator in a night fighter squadron during the Second World War, and in the U.S. Air Force during the Korean War. Between the wars, he attended Vanderbilt University, graduating with degrees in English and philosophy, as well as minoring in astronomy. He also taught at the University of Florida.
From 1950 to 1954, Dickey taught at Rice University (then Rice Institute) in Houston. While teaching freshman composition at Rice, Dickey returned for a two-year air force stint in Korea, then went back to teaching. He then worked for several years in advertising, most notably writing copy and helping direct creative work on the Coca-Cola and Lay's Potato Chips campaign. He once said he embarked on his advertising career in order to "make some bucks." Dickey also said "I was selling my soul to the devil all day... and trying to buy it back at night." He was ultimately fired for shirking his work responsibilities. His discontent with his work and his firing are portrayed in his novel Deliverance where the narrator who runs a design agency tells the story of an employee who could only think of producing great art and scorned all those around him in the agency.
He returned to poetry in 1960, and his first book, Into the Stone and Other Poems, was published in 1960; Drowning with Others was published in 1962, which led to a Guggenheim Fellowship (Norton Anthology, The Literature of the American South). Buckdancer's Choice (1965) earned him a National Book Award for Poetry. Among his better-known poems are "The Performance", "Cherrylog Road", "The Firebombing", "May Day Sermon", "Falling", and "For The Last Wolverine."
After being named a poetry consultant for the Library of Congress, he published his first volume of collected poems, Poems 1957-1967 in 1967. This publishing may represent Dickey's best work—he subsequently accepted a position of Professor of English and writer-in-residence at the University of South Carolina at Columbia.
In November 1948 he married Maxine Syerson, and three years later they had their first son, Christopher; a second son, Kevin, was born in 1958. Two months after Maxine died in 1976, Dickey married Deborah Dodson. Their daughter, Bronwen, was born in 1981. Christopher is a novelist and journalist, lately providing coverage from the Middle East for Newsweek. In 1998, Christopher wrote a book about his father and Christopher's own sometimes troubled relationship with him, titled Summer of Deliverance. Kevin is a radiologist and lives in New England. Bronwen is currently a writer.
James Dickey died on January 19, 1997, six days after his last class at the University of South Carolina, where from 1968 he taught as poet-in-residence. Dickey spent his last years in and out of hospitals, afflicted first with jaundice and later fibrosis of the lungs.
- Into the Stone and Other Poems (1960)
- Drowning with Others (1962)
- Two Poems of the Air(1964)
- Helmets (1964)
- Buckdancer's Choice: Poems (1965) —winner of the National Book Award
- Poems 1957-67 (1967)
- The Achievement of James Dickey: A Comprehensive Selection of His Poems (1968)
- The Eye-Beaters, Blood, Victory, Madness, Buckhead and Mercy (1970)
- Deliverance (1970)
- Exchanges (1971)
- Jericho: The South Beheld (1974) (with Hubert Shuptrine)
- The Zodiac (1976)
- Veteran Birth: The Gadfly Poems 1947-49 (1978)
- In Pursuit of the Grey Soul (1978) (illustrated prose)
- Head-Deep in Strange Sounds: Free-Flight Improvisations from the unEnglish (1979)
- The Strength of Fields (1979)
- Falling, May Day Sermon, and Other Poems (1981)
- The Early Motion (1981)
- Puella (1982)
- Värmland (1982)
- False Youth: Four Seasons (1983)
- For a Time and Place (1983)
- Intervisions (1983)
- The Central Motion: Poems 1968-79 (1983)
- Bronwen, The Traw, and the Shape-Shifter: A Poem in Four Parts (1986)
- Alnilam (1987)
- The Eagle's Mile (1990)
- The Whole Motion: Collected Poems 1949-92 (1992)
- Float Like a Butterfly, Sting Like the Bee
- To The White Sea (1993)
- New York Times
- "Poet Laureate Timeline: 1961-1970". Library of Congress. 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
- Norton Anthology, The Literature of the American South, p. 809
- Currey, Mason (2 May 2013). "Keep Your Day Job". Slate.
- "National Book Awards – 1966". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
(With essay by Patrick Rosal from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
- James Dickey bibliography
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: James Dickey|
- James Dickey Newsletter & Society
- The James Dickey Page
- CNN Audio Clips with James Dickey
- 1977 audio interview of James Dickey by Stephen Banker
- James Dickey at Academy of American Poets — with brief biography and selected list of works
- The James Dickey Library at the University of South Carolina
- James Dickey Papers at Washington University in St. Louis
- James Dickey in New Georgia Encyclopedia
- James Dickey at Modern American Poetry
- James Dickey at the Internet Movie Database
- James Dickey Revisited - online "themed issue" of the South Carolina Review that collects all pieces by and about James Dickey that have been published in that literary journal since 2001, in addition to content related to a James Dickey Festival that was hosted at Clemson University.
- "Deliverance: A Dark Heart Still Beating - The Novel Turns 40" by Dwight Garner in The New York Times
- Bronwen Dickey on her father's legacy
- Clark Powell Harbinger, "James Dickey: A Personal Memory"
- James Dickey at Library of Congress Authorities — with 95 catalog records