James Finn

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James Finn
James Finn.jpg
Born 1806
Died 1872 (aged 65–66)
Resting place
Wimbledon, London
Nationality British
Occupation U.K. Consul in Jerusalem,
writer, philanthropist
Years active 1846 – 1863
Known for Writings about Palestine
Religion Christian
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Anne Finn
Children Alexander 'Guy Fawkes' Finn, 1847
Constance Finn, 1851
Arthur Henry Finn, 1854

James Finn was a British Consul in Jerusalem, in the then Ottoman Empire (1846–1863).[1] He arrived in 1845 with his wife Elizabeth Anne Finn. Finn was a devout Christian, who belonged to the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews, but who did not engage in missionary work during his years in Jerusalem.

Finn was a writer and philanthropist. He was a great believer in productivity, an ideology that was very much in vogue at the time, and in 1853 purchased for £250 Karm al-Khalil (Arabic for "Abraham's Vineyard", lit. "vineyard of the loved one", which in Hebrew became Kerem Avraham) a barren piece of land outside the walls of the Old City. Kerem Avraham was established as a training farm for Jews in agriculture and to become productive citizens. Finn employed Jewish laborers to build the first house there in 1855. Cisterns for water storage were built and a soap factory was established which produced high quality soap sold to tourists.

He helped establish the experimental farm at the village of Artas outside Bethlehem.

Books (partial list)[edit]

  • James Finn: Byeways in Palestine, Adamant Media, Boston, 2002 reprint of the London 1868 original. 482pp. ISBN 1-4021-9272-X
  • James Finn: The Orphan Colony of Jews in China. Containing a letter received from themselves, with the latest information concerning them. London 1872.
  • Finn, James (1843). The Jews in China London: Wertheim. -University of Hong Kong Libraries, Digital Initiatives, China Through Western Eyes
  • Elizabeth Anne McCaul Finn: A Home in the Holy Land. A tale illustrating customs and incidents in modern Jerusalem. Adamant Media, Boston, 2002 reprint of the London 1866 original. ISBN 978-1-4021-1768-8
  • Elizabeth Anne McCaul Finn: A Third Year in Jerusalem. A tale illustrating customs and incidents of modern Jerusalem; or, a sequel to "Home in the Holy Land". Adamant Media, Boston, 2002 reprint of the London 1869 original. ISBN 978-1-4021-1053-5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kerem Avraham at Wikimedia Commons