James Fitzmaurice-Kelly

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James Fitzmaurice-Kelly FBA (1858–1923) was a British writer on Spanish literature.

Born in Glasgow, He was the son of Colonel Thomas Kelly of the 40th Regiment of Foot and was educated at St Charles's College, Kensington, where he learned Spanish from a fellow pupil and taught himself to read Don Quixote. Obtaining work in 1885 as a tutor in Jerez de la Frontera to Buenaventura Misa y Busheroy, the son of the I Count of Bayona, later the Marquis of Misa. In Madrid he started the first version of his biography on Miguel de Cervantes. Around 1886, he met Ambassador Juan Valera, politician and war journalist Gaspar Núñez de Arce, and other important poets and intellectuals. He wrote on Hispanic Culture subjects for The Spectator, Athenæum and Pall Mall Gazette. Returning to England, he established his reputation on Spanish literature through his reviews and articles for London periodicals. His History of Spanish Literature was published in 1898 and confirmed his reputation.

In 1898 he published his Historia de la literatura española in the Collection of Literatures of the World under Edmund Gosse. He was a Taylor Lecturer at Oxford University from 1902 and was invited to the United States in 1907 to deliver speeches at the Hispanic Society of America and several American Universities such as Harvard University and Yale University. From 1909 to 1916 he was a professor at the University of Liverpool and taught a special course at Cambridge University in 1916. He was a Cervantes Catedra Professor at London University till his retirement in 1920. A Fellow of the British Academy, he was miembro correspondiente of the Real Academia Española, the Real Academia de la Historia, and the Academia de Buenas Letras de Barcelona, as well as a Knight Commander of the Order of Alfonso XII.

He contributed on Spanish literature to the 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, to the Cambridge Modern History, to Homenaje a Menendez y Pelayo, etc.

He edited and/or introduced:
  • The History of Don Quixote of The Mancha: Translated from the Spanish of Miguel De Cervantes by Thomas Shelton: Annis 1612, 1620 (1896)
  • The Complete Works of Cervantes (1901- )
  • Don Quixote, with John Ormsby (1899–1900)
  • The Course of Revolution in Spain and Portugal, 1845-71, in Cambridge Modern History, vol. XI The Growth of Nationalities (1909)
  • Oxford Book of Spanish Verse (1913)
  • Samaniego's Fabulas en verso (1917)
  • Iriarte's Fabulas Literarias (1917)
  • Garcilaso de la Vega's Eglogas (1918)
  • Poesias varias (1918)
  • Cambridge Readings in Spanish Literature (1920)
He wrote:
  • Life of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (1892)
  • A history of Spanish Literature (1898; In Spanish, 1901; in French, 1904; second edition in French, 1913)
  • Lope de Vega and Spanish Drama - The Taylorian Lecture (1902)
  • Cervantes in England (1905)
  • Chapters on Spanish Literature (1908)
  • Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra: A Memoir (1913)
  • Bibliographie de l'histoire de la littérature espagnole (1913)
  • Cervantes and Shakespeare (1916)
  • Gongora (1918)
  • Fray Luis de Leon (1921)
  • Spanish Literature Primer (1922)

He died at his house in Sydenham, Kent, on 30 November 1923 and was cremated and interred at West Norwood Cemetery on 4 December.

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