General Smith as shown in a 1901 Santa Clara College souvenir.
James Francis Smith (January 28, 1859 – June 29, 1928) was an American Brigadier General, associate justice to the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Governor-General of the Philippines, and associate judge of the U.S. Court of Customs Appeals until his death.
Smith attended Santa Clara College, graduating with B.A. and M.A. degrees, and went to Hastings College of Law. He was admitted to the California bar in 1881 and wed to Lillie A. Dunnigan in 1885.
Military Career 
Commissioned as a colonel of 1st California Volunteer Infantry on May 6, 1898, Smith was part of the first expeditionary force to the Philippines in the Spanish-American War. Smith served with friend Theodore Roosevelt in the Rough Riders. His regiment took part in the Battle of Manila (1898). After hostilities ceased against Spain, he saw action in the Philippine-American War in the first part of 1899, and was promoted to brigadier general. In July, 1899 he was made military governor of Negros Island.
Political Career 
William Howard Taft who was then Governor-General, appointed Smith to be an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, where he served from June 17, 1901 to January, 1903. Smith later worked under the Taft Commission to devise a legal code for the Philippines. From 1906 to 1909 he was Governor-General; the new Philippine Assembly was convened during this time, in 1907. He was close friends with Frank W. Higgins.
In March, 1910, four months after his return to the United States, Taft appointed Smith to the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals. He served until his death in 1928.
A brief history of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals / by Giles S. Rich. Washington, D.C. : Published by authorization of Committee on the Bicentennial of Independence and the Constitution of the Judicial Conference of the United States : U.S. G.P.O., 1980.
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