James Gadson (born June 17, 1939) is an American drummer and session musician. Beginning his career in the late 1960s, Gadson has since become one of the most-recorded drummers in the history of R&B music.
Born in Kansas City, Missouri, Gadson played with the first line-up of Charles Wright's Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band and recorded three albums with them between 1968 and 1970. Along with other members of Wright's band he went on to appear on many hit records including Dyke & the Blazers. Gadson started to become well known as a drummer following the release of the album Still Bill, by Bill Withers, released by Sussex Records in 1972. He played on the Temptations album 1990, released on the Motown label in 1973. In 1975 he played with Freddie King on Larger than life and went on to record with Martha Reeves, Randy Crawford, Quincy Jones, Herbie Hancock, BB King, Albert King, Rose Royce, Elkie Brooks and many more household names. In 1975 he anchored with percussive dexterity the Motown classic double platinum album; "City Of Angels" recorded by Billy Griffin & The Miracles. Gadson appeared on two tracks on the 2005 Paul McCartney album "Chaos and Creation in the Back Yard", "At The Mercy" and "Riding To Vanity Fair".
In April, 2009, Gadson joined Alex Dixon, grandson of legendary bluesman Willie Dixon, on his 2009 release titled "Rising From The Bushes," in which he appeared on two tracks, which were "Fantasy" and his grandfather's famous song Spoonful.
In June, 2009, Gadson joined Beck, Wilco, Feist and Jamie Lidell covering Skip Spence's Oar as part of Beck's Record Club series, with videos appearing on Beck's website beginning November, 2009. He has drummed on Beck's albums Sea Change and The Information, as well as Jamie Lidell's 2010 album Compass
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As sideman 
With Brass Fever
- Time Is Running Out (Impulse!, 1976)
With Blue Mitchell
With Lalo Schifrin
- Rollercoaster (soundtrack) (MCA, 1977)
- Amendola, Billy (September 2007). "R&B / Soul Legend James Gadson". Modern Drummer.
- Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band at Allmusic
- Funk: The Music, The People, and The Rhythm of The One
- Still Bill at Allmusic
- Zoom[dead link] on the Motown label
- Larger than life at Allmusic
- James Gadson discography at Allmusic
patrick juvet for paris by night
- Vincent, Rickey (1996). Funk: The Music, The People, and The Rhythm of The One. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-13499-1.
- Modern Drummer Article on James Gadson
-  Brian LeBarton interviews James Gadson
-  Review of Rising from the Bushes including James Gadson