James Gamble (industrialist)

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James Gamble
Photo of James Gamble
Born (1803-04-03)April 3, 1803
Enniskillen Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)[1]
Died April 29, 1891(1891-04-29) (aged 88)
Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Nationality American
Occupation Soapmaker and industrialist
Co-funder of Procter & Gamble
Relatives William Procter (brother-in-law)

James Gamble (April 3, 1803 – April 29, 1891[1][2]) was a U.S.-based Northern Irish soapmaker and industrialist. He was the co-founder and co-eponym of Procter & Gamble Company in 1837, along with William Procter.

The future business partner of James Gamble was William Procter who married Olivia Norris, the sister of his wife, Elizabeth Ann Norris. The pair's father-in-law, Alexander Norris, first suggested that the two go into business together in 1837 and consequently Procter & Gamble was born.[3][4]

James Gamble was born near Enniskillen in present-day Northern Ireland and went to Portora Royal School.[4] He graduated from Kenyon College in 1824 (as a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon, Lambda chapter).

Later years and death[edit]

He died on April 29, 1891. He died from natural causes.[2]


James Gamble and Elizabeth Ann Norris Gamble bore ten children.[1][4] One of whom was James Norris Gamble (August 9, 1836 - July 2, 1932). He eventually became Vice President of Procter & Gamble and was the chemist who devised the formula for Ivory soap.[1] He married Margaret Penrose. James Norris Gamble died in his sleep on July 2, 1932 in Cincinnati, Ohio and is interred in Spring Grove Cemetery[5][6] located in Cincinnati, Ohio. Procter, who preceded his partner Gamble in death, is also buried at Spring Grove.[7]

The son of James Norris Gamble, William, married Franzeska Wilhelmina (Fanny) Nast, the daughter of the Rev. William Nast, a German-American Methodist preacher. Fanny was the first woman to graduate from German Wallace College in Berea, Ohio.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c d "James Gamble". NNDB. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "James Gamble grave burial information" (PDF). Spring Grove Cemetery. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ "James Gamble". Ohio Biography. Archived from the original on January 24, 2010. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Typhoid Mary and other curiosities in Irish biography". BBC News. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ "James Norris Gamble grave burial information" (PDF). Spring Grove Cemetery. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Spring Grove Cemetery interment information". Spring Grove Cemetery. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  7. ^ Stradling, David (Oct 1, 2003). "Cincinnati: From River City to Highway Metropolis". Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 

External links[edit]