James Gammell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sir James Gammell
Jamesgammell.jpg
Lieutenant-General Sir James Gammell
Born 1892
Died 1975 (aged 82 or 83)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1936 - 1972
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held 1st Bn Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
4th Infantry Brigade
15th Brigade
3rd Division
XII Corps
South Eastern Command
Eastern Command
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross

Lieutenant-General Sir James Andrew Harcourt Gammell KCB DSO MC (1892–1975) was a British Army general during World War II.

Military career[edit]

After studying at Cambridge University, James Gammell was commissioned into the Scottish Horse Yeomanry in 1913.[1] He served in World War I and was awarded the Military Cross for his service in the Armoured Car Patrol in 1917.[2]

He served as an Instructor at Staff College, Camberley from 1930 to 1932.[3] In 1935 he was appointed Commanding Officer of 1st Bn Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders.[3]

He served in World War II becoming Commander of 4th Infantry Brigade which was deployed to France in 1939.[3] In 1940 he served as a Brigadier on the General Staff of IV Corps and then of Allied Forces Norway.[3] Later that year he was appointed Commander of 15th Brigade.[3]

He then became General Officer Commanding 3rd Division moving on to be General Officer Commanding XII Corps in 1941 and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command in 1942.[3]

In 1944 he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean.[4]

After the War he became Head of the British Military Mission to Moscow and retired in 1946.[3]

He lived at Alrick in Glenisla.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28679. p. 152. 7 January 1913. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30001. p. 2981. 23 March 1917. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Sir James Gammell". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  4. ^ "Unit Commander and/or Staff Officer Details". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  5. ^ Glasgow University
Military offices
Preceded by
Bernard Montgomery
General Officer Commanding the 3rd Division
July 1940– November 1941
Succeeded by
Eric Hayes
Preceded by
Bernard Montgomery
GOC XII Corps
November 1941–September 1942
Succeeded by
Montagu Stopford
Preceded by
Sir Kenneth Anderson
GOC-in-C Eastern Command
September 1942–January 1944
Succeeded by
Sir Kenneth Anderson