James Garfield Memorial, Philadelphia

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This article is about the monument in Philadelphia. For the monument in Cleveland, see Garfield Memorial. For the monument in Washington, D.C., see James A. Garfield Monument.
James Garfield Memorial
Garfield bust Fairmount.jpg
Artist Augustus Saint-Gaudens
Year 1895
Type Bronze
Dimensions 108.0 cm (42 12 in)
Location Philadelphia, United States
Coordinates 39°58′26″N 75°11′26″W / 39.9739°N 75.1905°W / 39.9739; -75.1905
Owner City of Philadelphia, Fairmount Park Commission. Commissioned by the Association for Public Art (formerly the Fairmount Park Art Association)

James Garfield Memorial is an outdoor sculpture of James Garfield by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, located in Philadelphia's Fairmount Park on Kelly Drive below the Girard Avenue Bridge.[1] It is the second monument to be commissioned by the Association for Public Art (formerly the Fairmount Park Art Association).[2] The Fairmount Park Art Association initiated a fund in 1881 for the creation of the memorial following the assassination of President James A. Garfield, and in 1889, Augustus Saint-Gaudens was selected for the commission.[3] The monument was cast in 1895 and dedicated on May 30, 1896 by Mayor Charles F. Warwick.[4] The dedication ceremony included a grand river fete with parades and a flotilla along the Schuylkill River.[5] The monument is one of 51 sculptures included in the Association for Public Art's Museum Without Walls: AUDIO™ interpretive audio program for Philadelphia's outdoor sculpture.[6]

The inscription reads:
A. ST GAUDENS '95 (?)
Cast by the Henry-Bonnard Bronze Co.,
NY 1895
(Front of shield held by figure of Republic:)
E PLVRIBVS
VNVM
JAMES ABRAM
GARFIELD
PRESIDENT OF THE
VNITED STATES
MDCCC
LXXXI
(Base, above Republic's head:)
MDCCCXXXI
MDCCCLXXXI
(Base, below bust:)
MDCCCXCB
(Fairmount Park Art Association plaque appears on the lower front of the base.)
signed Founder's mark appears.
[7]

References[edit]

External audio
Garfield Monument, Association for Public Art[6]
  1. ^ Philadelphia Public Art
  2. ^ "James A. Garfield Monument", Museum Without Walls: AUDIO™, Interactive map accessed March 1, 2013.
  3. ^ Bach, Penny (1992). Public Art in Philadelphia. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. p. 207. ISBN 0-87722-822-1. 
  4. ^ Unveiling of the memorial to General James A. Garfield, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia ... May 30th, 1896
  5. ^ Bach, Penny (1992). Public Art in Philadelphia. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. p. 68. ISBN 0-87722-822-1. 
  6. ^ a b Garfield Monument (audio), Association for Public Art, Philadelphia, accessed March 1, 2013.
  7. ^ "Bust of James Garfield, (sculpture)". Inventories of American Painting and Sculpture, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 

External links[edit]