James Goodfellow

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For the English footballer and manager, see Jimmy Goodfellow.
James Goodfellow
Born 1937
Paisley, Renfrewshire
Known for Inventing the ATM

James Goodfellow OBE (born 1937 in Paisley, Renfrewshire) is a Scottish inventor. In 1966, he patented Personal Identification Number (PIN) technology,[1][2] and is widely acknowledged as the inventor of Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) technology, although John Shepherd-Barron also had a large part to play in their development.

He was a development engineer given the project of developing an automatic cash dispenser in 1965. His system accepted a machine readable encrypted card, with a numerical PIN keypad. His machine was tested a month later than one developed by John Shepherd-Barron.

In 2006 Goodfellow was awarded an OBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours for his invention of the Personal Identification Number.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ UK Patent No.1,197,183 - 2 May 1966.
  2. ^ "it was Goodfellow who came up with the idea of a four-digit PIN which would allow people to access their cash". The Scotsman. 15 September 2007. Retrieved 17 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Royal honour for inventor of Pin". BBC. 16 June 2006. Retrieved 5 November 2007. 

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