James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose

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His Grace
The Duke of Montrose
KG KT PC
President of the Board of Trade
In office
7 June 1804 – 5 February 1806
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Earl of Liverpool
Succeeded by The Lord Auckland
Personal details
Born 8 September 1755 (1755-09-08)
Died 30 December 1836 (1836-12-31)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Jemima Ashburnham (1762-1786)
Lady Caroline Montagu
(1770-1847)

James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose KG KT PC (8 September 1755 – 30 December 1836), styled Marquess of Graham until 1790, was a Scottish nobleman and statesman.

Background[edit]

Montrose was the son of William Graham, 2nd Duke of Montrose, and Lady Lucy, daughter of John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland.[1]

Political career[edit]

Montrose was Member of Parliament for Richmond from 1780, and for Great Bedwyn from 1784 to 1790, when he succeeded his father in the dukedom. According to Robert Bain, Scotland can thank him for the repeal in 1782 of the Act of 1747 prohibiting the wearing of tartans.[2] He served as a Lord of the Treasury from 1783 to 1789, and as co-Paymaster of the Forces from 1789 to 1791. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor and Vice-President of the Board of Trade in 1789. He was Master of the Horse from 1790 to 1795, and from 1807 to 1821, Commissioner for India from 1791 to 1803, Lord Justice General of Scotland from 1795 to 1836, President of the Board of Trade from 1804 to 1806, Lord Chamberlain from 1821 to 1827 and from 1828 to 1830.

He was appointed a Knight of the Thistle in 1793, resigning from the Order when appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1812. He was Chancellor of the University of Glasgow from 1780 to 1836, Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire from 1790 to 1793, Lord Lieutenant of Stirlingshire from 1795 until his death, and Lord Lieutenant of Dumbartonshire from 1813 until his death.

Graham was a very effective member of the House of Commons, especially when speaking on Scottish topics. Early in his career as a Minister under William Pitt the Younger, Graham was attacked in the Rolliad:

——Superior to abuse,
He nobly glories in the name of GOOSE;
Such Geese at Rome from the perfidious Gaul
Preserv'd the Treas'ry-Bench and Capitol, &c. &c.

Family[edit]

Montrose was twice married. He married firstly Lady Jemima Elizabeth, daughter of John Ashburnham, 2nd Earl of Ashburnham, in 1785. After her death in September 1786, aged 24 (following the death of a son, who died as an infant), he married secondly Lady Caroline Maria, daughter of George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester, in 1790. They had several children. Montrose died in December 1836, aged 81, and was succeeded in the dukedom by his son, James. The Duchess of Montrose died in March 1847, aged 76.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "thepeerage.com James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ Bain, Robert (1959). Margaret O. MacDougall (ed.), ed. Clans & Tartans of Scotland (revised). P.E. Stewart-Blacker (heralidic advisor), forward by The R. Hon. C/refountess of Erroll. William Collins Sons & Co., Ltd. p. 108. 
  3. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "thepeerage.com James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Dundas
William Norton
Member of Parliament for Richmond
17801784
With: Sir Lawrence Dundas 1780–1781
George FitzWilliam 1781–1784
Succeeded by
Murrough O'Brien
Charles Dundas
Preceded by
Sir Merrick Burrell
Paul Methuen
Member of Parliament for Great Bedwyn
17841790
With: Robert Manners 1784–1790
Lord Doune 1790–1792
Succeeded by
Lord Doune
Viscount Stopford
Political offices
Preceded by
William Grenville
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
1789 – 1790
Succeeded by
Dudley Ryder
Preceded by
William Grenville
Co-Paymaster of the Forces
1789 – 1791
Succeeded by
Dudley Ryder
Preceded by
The Duke of Montagu
Master of the Horse
1790 – 1795
Succeeded by
The Earl of Westmorland
Preceded by
The Earl of Liverpool
President of the Board of Trade
1804 – 1806
Succeeded by
The Earl Bathurst
Preceded by
The Earl of Carnarvon
Master of the Horse
1807 – 1821
Succeeded by
The Duke of Dorset
Preceded by
The Marquess of Hertford
Lord Chamberlain
1821 - 1827
Succeeded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Preceded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Lord Chamberlain
1828 - 1830
Succeeded by
The Earl of Jersey
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Mansfield
Lord Justice General
1795 - 1836
Succeeded by
Lord Granton
Academic offices
Preceded by
The 2nd Duke of Montrose
Chancellor of the University of Glasgow
1781 – 1836
Succeeded by
The 4th Duke of Montrose
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Montagu
Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire
1790 – 1793
Succeeded by
The Duke of Manchester
New office Lord Lieutenant of Stirlingshire
1794 – 1836
Succeeded by
The Lord Abercromby
Preceded by
The Lord Elphinstone
Lord Lieutenant of Dunbartonshire
1813 – 1836
Succeeded by
Sir James Colquhoun, Bt
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
William Graham
Duke of Montrose
1790 – 1836
Succeeded by
James Graham