James H. Baker
|James Heaton Baker|
|James H. Baker, circa 1908|
|11th Ohio Secretary of State|
January 14, 1856 – January 11, 1858
|Preceded by||William Trevitt|
|Succeeded by||Addison P. Russell|
|2nd Minnesota Secretary of State|
|Preceded by||Francis Baasen|
|Succeeded by||David Blakeley|
May 6, 1829|
|Died||May 25, 1913
|Resting place||Glenwood Cemetery, Mankato|
|Alma mater||Ohio Wesleyan University|
|Years of service||1862-1864|
Brevet Brigadier General
|Unit||10th Minnesota Infantry|
James H. Baker was born May 6, 1829 in Monroe, Butler County, Ohio. He was educated in common schools, and graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University. He became a teacher, and had charge of the Female Seminary at Richmond, Indiana. In 1853 he purchased the Scioto Gazette in Chillicothe, Ohio. In 1855 he was elected to a single term as Ohio Secretary of State. Later in life, he would be Minnesota Secretary of State 1860-1862.
During the American Civil War, Baker served as Colonel of the 10th Minnesota Infantry Regiment in the Union Army in 1862–1863. He was appointed Provost Marshal for the Department of Missouri, and served till the close of the war. He was mustered out of the volunteers on October 21, 1865. In recognition of Baker's service, on January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Baker for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.
After the war, Baker was appointed Register of Public Lands at the Boonville, Missouri Federal Land Office, which he performed for two years. He then retired to a farm in Minnesota, and was appointed Commissioner of Pensions by President Grant from 1871-1875.
- Baker, James H. (1908). Minnesota Historical Society Collections, Lives of the Governors of Minnesota 13. St. Paul.
- Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company.