James H. Horne
|James H. Horne|
|Sport(s)||Football, baseball, basketball, track and field|
July 24, 1874|
Berlin, New Hampshire
|Died||April 13, 1959
Salem, New Hampshire
|Alma mater||Bowdoin College|
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
Track and field
|Administrative career (AD unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
Early life and education
Horne was born July 24, 1874 in Berlin, New Hampshire to John Roberts Horne and Sarah (Wheeler) Horne. Like his two older brothers, Irving Williams Horne and Rev. John Roberts Horne, Jr., James H. Horne attended Bowdoin College where he was a member of Delta Upsilon and involved in a number of extracurricular activities including football and track and field. Horne was a four-year member of the varsity athletic (track and field) team, serving as the team's captain his junior and senior years.[nb 1] In the first two years of what has become the annual "State Meet" between Bates College, Colby College, and Bowdoin, Horne won the 100 yard dash (1895, 1896), 120 yard high hurdles (1895, 1896), 220 yard dash (1895), 220 intermediate hurdles (1896), and long jump (1896). In 1896, his time of 16.2 seconds in the 110 hurdles was the fourth best time in the nation. Horne graduated from Bowdoin in 1897 with an A.B..
While at Bowdoin, Horne held the position of Assistant to the Director of the Gymnasium from 1895 to 1897. From 1897 to 1898, he was "in charge of [the] Gymnasium" at the Hebron Academy in Hebron, Maine prior to succeeding Madison G. Gonterman as Indiana University's third Director of the Men's Gymnasium in 1898.[nb 2] However, Horne saw himself as more of a "Director of Athletics" for the school in that he "handled all the business of that line, making all schedules, looking up and hiring coaches, as well as all the business affairs connected with athletics." During Horne's tenure as athletic director, Indiana was admitted membership to the Big Ten Conference in December, 1899. He served as IU's director until 1905 and was succeeded by Zora G. Clevenger.
Horne also replaced Gonterman as the head coach of the Indiana Hoosiers football team from 1898 to 1904, compiling a record of 33–21–5. In his first game at the helm, he led the Hoosiers to a 16–0 victory over Rose Polytechnic. Horne's second season at IU was his best with a 6–2 record, including five shutouts and the school's first triumph over in-state rival Purdue on Thanksgiving Day 1899. During the 1900 college football season, he became the first football coach at Indiana to compete in the Big Ten Conference, then known as the Western Conference. Horne was eventually replaced by James M. Sheldon for the 1905 season.
Horne became Indiana University's first baseball coach in 1899 and tallied a mark of 10–8 over two seasons. In April 1899, he split his first two games with Borden Institute, losing the first 4–3 and winning the following day 12–1. Robert Wicker took over Horne's duties as head coach in 1901.
The first men's basketball team at Indiana University was also coached by Horne. On February 8, 1901, the Hoosiers traveled by train to Indianapolis where they lost their first game to Butler, 20–17. After losing their next two against Butler and Purdue, Horne coached the team to its first ever victory with a 26–17 win over Wabash in Bloomington one month later. Horne is officially credited with coaching Indiana to a 1–4 record in his only season at the helm, however, he was closely involved with the team for three more seasons.[nb 3]
In addition to football, baseball, and basketball, Horne coached track at IU where he introduced LeRoy Samse to the pole vault. Samse earned a silver medal in the pole vault at the 1904 Summer Olympics. In 1903, Horne accidentally killed the captain of the track team, Bruce Lockridge, the uncle of novelist Ross Lockridge, Jr., with an errant throw of a twelve-pound hammer in Louisville. One report indicated that he was so distraught that he attempted suicide.
A 1912 directory of Bowdoin alumni reported that Horne was in "business" in Conway, New Hampshire after 1906, and a 1917 directory of Delta Upsilon members placed him in "business" in Wolfboro Falls, New Hampshire. His World War I draft registration card notes that he had "total loss of hearing." Horne wrote about his experiences at Indiana University in a letter dated May 14, 1948. He would die in 1959 in Salem, New Hampshire at the age of 84.
Head coaching record
|Indiana Hoosiers (Independent) (1898–1899)|
|Indiana Hoosiers (Big Ten Conference) (1900–1904)|
|Indiana Hoosiers (Independent) (1900–1901)|
|Indiana Hoosiers (Independent) (1899–1900)|
- The Bowdoin Bugel noted that Horne resigned as the captain of the varsity athletic team in his senior year. The website of the Bowdoin College track and field/cross country teams notes that he was the captain only in 1896.
- A 1912 directory of Bowdoin alumni reported that Horne was a teacher in Hebron, Maine from 1897 to 1898.
- The official records of Indiana University and Purdue University indicate that Indiana lost to Purdue 23–19 in West Lafayette on March 15, 1901, however, the Indiana University Basketball Encyclopedia by Jason Hiner notes that an absence of newspaper reports about the game suggests that it never took place. That source lists Horne's record for the inaugural season as 1–3.
- Myers, Burton Dorr (1952). History of Indiana University. v.2.. Indiana University. p. 398.
- "Graduates of Bowdoin College". General Catalogue of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine, 1794-1912. Brunswick, Maine: Bowdoin College/The Record Press. 1912. p. 235,247, 265. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "Obituary Record". Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Bowdoin Medical School for the Year Ending June 1, 1916. 1910-1919 7. Brunswick, Maine: The Record Press. p. 390. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- Lawrence, William W., ed. (1897). Bowdoin Bugel 52. The Thurston Print. pp. 24–25, 61, 94, 106–108, 111–112. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "Men's Outdoor Track & Field Captains". http://studorgs.bowdoin.edu/track/. Brunswick, Maine: Bowdoin College. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "The Maine State Meet". http://studorgs.bowdoin.edu/track/. Brunswick, Maine: Bowdoin College. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "USA Top 10 Lists - 1896". Track and Field Statistics. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "Faculty and Officers". The Indiana University Catalogue: Seventy-ninth College Year. Bloomington, Indiana: William B. Burford/Indiana University. May 1903. p. 20. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Chipman, Scott, ed. (2011). The 2011-12 Big Ten Conference Records Book (64th ed.). Big Ten Conference. pp. 6, 67. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- 2011 Indiana Football Records Book. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Athletics Media Relations Department. 2011. pp. 82, 110–111. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
- Hammel, Bob; Klingelhoffer, Kit, eds. (1999). Glory of Old IU: 100 Years of Indiana Athletics. Sports Publishing LLC. pp. vi, 8–9, 14–15. ISBN 9781582610689. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- 2011 Indiana Baseball: Indiana University Baseball History & Records Book. 2011. pp. 14, 32. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
- 2011-2012 Indiana Basketball Records Book. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Athletics Media Relations Department. 2011. pp. 159–160. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
- Hiner, Jason (2005). "IU Basketball is Born: 1900-01 to 1915-16". Indiana University Basketball Encyclopedia. Champaign, Illinois: Sports Publishing LLC. pp. 120–126. ISBN 9781582616551. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- 2011-2012 Purdue Men's Basketball Information Guide. West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue Athletics Communications. 2011. p. 62. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Miller, Hugh Thomas; Switzler, Royall H., eds. (1903). "Chapter Correspondence: Epsilon Province". The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta 27. Indianapolis, Indiana: Phi Delta Theta. p. 464. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "Bruce LOCKRIDGE". The Rochester Sentinel. April 1, 1903. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Bevan, Lynne J.; Pell, W.H. Dannat, eds. (March 1917). "Bowdoin Chapter". Catalogue of Delta Upsilon, 1917. New York: Delta Upsilon Fraternity, Inc./Arthur H. Christ Company. p. 25. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Registration Location: Carroll County, New Hampshire; Roll: 1711715; Draft Board: 0.