James Haldane

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For diplomat, see James Haldane (diplomat).
James Haldane
Roberthaldane.jpg
Born James Alexander Haldane
(1768-07-14)14 July 1768
Dundee, Scotland
Died 8 February 1851(1851-02-08) (aged 82)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Nationality Scottish
Occupation Evangelist
Spouse(s) Mary Joass
Margaret Rutherford
Children Elizabeth Haldane
Catharine Haldane
James Haldane
Alexander Haldane
Mary Haldane
Margaret Haldane
Robert Haldane
Isabella Mitchelson Haldane
Daniel Rutherford Haldane
Adamina Dundas Duncan Haldane
Helen Haldane
George Oswald Haldane
James Haldane
Theological work
Tradition or movement Church of Scotland
Independent
Baptist

James Alexander Haldane (14 July 1768 – 8 February 1851) was a Scottish independent church leader.

Biography[edit]

The younger son of Captain James Haldane of Airthrey House, (his older brother Robert Haldane was also a clergyman) in Stirlingshire, he was born at Dundee. Educated first at Dundee Grammar School and afterwards at the Royal High School and University of Edinburgh, at the age of seventeen he joined the Duke of Montrose East Indiaman as a midshipman. After four voyages to India he was nominated to the command of the Melville Castle in the summer of 1793; but having begun a careful study of the Bible during his voyages, and also come under the evangelical influence of David Bogue of Gosport, one of the founders of the London Missionary Society, he abruptly decided to leave the navy for a religious life, and returned to Scotland.

Family[edit]

He married twice and had 13 children. He married first Mary Joass on 18 September 1793.[1] Believed to have been born on 27 October 1771,[2] she died on 27 February 1819.[1] They had the following children:

In 1822 he married for a second time to Margaret Rutherford, daughter of Daniel Rutherford. They had the following children:

  • Isabella Mitchelson Haldane (1823–1892), married Richard Burdon-Sanderson (1821–1876) in 1853
  • Daniel Rutherford Haldane (1824–1887), physician.
  • Adamina Dundas Duncan Haldane (1826–1898)
  • Helen Haldane (1828–1873)
  • George Oswald Haldane (1829–1831)
  • James Haldane

Evangelism[edit]

In about 1796 he became acquainted with the celebrated evangelical, Charles Simeon of Cambridge, in whose company he toured Scotland, distributing tracts and trying to awaken others to an interest in religious subjects. In May 1797 he preached his first sermon, at Gilmerton near Edinburgh, with encouraging success. In the same year he established a non-sectarian organization for tract distribution and lay preaching called the "Society for the Propagation of the Gospel at Home". During the next few years he made repeated missionary journeys, preaching wherever he could obtain hearers, and generally in the open air.

Originally loyal to the Church of Scotland, his studies of the New Testament led him to leave that denomination behind and work in an independent church movement. Along with his brother, Robert Haldane, and others, James established 85 Churches of Christ in Scotland and Ireland. This was the result of a return to the New Testament for doctrine and practice in lieu of denominational traditions. Churches planted by the Haldanes practiced baptism by immersion, weekly communion, and congregational polity (aunonomous government). The Haldanes also operated a seminary and were influenced in their principles by other non-denominational thinkers such as John Glas and Robert Sandeman.

As advancing years compelled him to withdraw from the more exhausting labours of travel and open-air preaching, he sought to influence the discussion of current religious and theological questions by means of the press. He died on 8 February 1851 aged 82 and is commemorated on a Haldane family gravestone in the churchyard at St Cuthbert's, Edinburgh.

Bibliography[edit]

Among J. A. Haldane's numerous contributions to current theological discussions were:

  • The Duty of Christian Forbearance in Regard to Points of Church Order (1811)
  • Strictures on a Publication upon Primitive Christianity by Mr John Walker (1819)
  • Refutation of Edward Irving's Heretical Doctrines respecting the Person and Atonement of Jesus Christ. His Observations on Universal Pardon, etc., was a contribution to the controversy regarding the views of Thomas Erskine of Linlathen and Campbell of Row.
  • Man's Responsibility (1842) is a reply to Howard Hinton on the nature and extent of the Atonement.

He also published:

  • Journal of a Tour in the North (1801)
  • Early Instruction Commended (1801)
  • Views of the Social Worship of the First Churches (1805)
  • The Doctrine and Duty of Self-Examination (1806)
  • The Doctrine of tile Atonement (1845)
  • Exposition of the Epistle to the Galatians (1848).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]