James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton

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James Hamilton
5thDukeOfHamilton.jpg
1724 portrait of the duke and his tutor
Born (1703-01-05)5 January 1703
Died 2 March 1743(1743-03-02) (aged 40)
Bath
Title 5th Duke of Hamilton
Tenure 1712–1743
Other titles 2nd Duke of Brandon
Nationality Scottish
Predecessor James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
Successor James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton
Spouse(s) Lady Anne Cochrane
Elizabeth Strangways
Anne Spencer
Parents James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
Hon. Elizabeth Gerard

James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton and 2nd Duke of Brandon KT FRS (5 January 1703 – 2 March 1743) was a Scottish peer, the son of the 4th Duke of Hamilton.

Hamilton attended Winchester College from 1716 to 1717 and graduated from Christ Church, Oxford on 6 June 1719. He succeeded to his father's title of Duke of Hamilton in 1712. At the foundation of the noted charity, the Foundling Hospital in London, Hamilton was one of the charity's first governors and his name is listed on the organisation's royal charter, granted in October 1739.

On 14 February 1723 (St. Valentine's Day), Hamilton married Lady Anne Cochrane, a daughter of the 4th Earl of Dundonald and they had one child, James (1724–1758), later 6th Duke of Hamilton. Anne died from the effects of her first and only childbirth a month later and Hamilton married Elizabeth Strangways (an aunt of the future Countess of Ilchester), but she died childless on 3 November 1729. He then married Anne Spencer (an aunt of the future Countess of Galloway) on 21 August 1737 and they had three children:

Hamilton died in 1743, aged 40 at Bath from jaundice and palsy. His widow married Richard Savage Nassau and had three more children.

James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton
Born: 5 January 1703 Died: 2 March 1743
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
James Hamilton
Duke of Hamilton
1712–1743
Succeeded by
James Hamilton
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Hamilton
Duke of Brandon
1712–1743
Succeeded by
James Hamilton