James Hamilton of Cadzow
The son of Sir John Hamilton of Cadzow and his wife, Janet Douglas, James Hamilton is first attested to in 1397. In a writ of that year, his father Sir John Hamilton granted him the lands and privileges of Kinneil, in return for the superiority of all property that had been promised to him through his marriage after his attainment of majority.
In 1424, Hamilton was one of the Scottish Lords allowed passage to Durham to visit the captive James I of Scotland. In the same year, he was one of many Scots hostages given to the English as security for the payment of the ransom of the newly freed King of Scots. His estate was valued at 500 merks.
Hamilton died not later than 1441, when his son is described as Lord of Cadzow.
He was the son of Janet (or Jacoba) Douglas, daughter of Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith, but his paternity is uncertain. Douglas's husband was Sir John Hamilton of Cadzow and it was long thought that he was James's father. However DNA testing of Hamilton descendants in the Hamilton Surname DNA Project suggests that Sir John was not his biological father. The male-line descendants of James' brother Walter and his uncle John are similar while the descendants of James are distinct, suggesting his biological father was not a Hamilton.
Marriage and children
James Hamilton married Janet Livingston before 1422, when he received a charter of the lands of Schawis from his father-in-law, Sir Alexander Livingston of Callendar. By Janet Livingston, Hamilton had six children:
- James Hamilton, 6th Laird of Cadzow - later made a Lord of Parliament as 1st Lord Hamilton
- Alexander Hamilton - ancestor of the Hamiltons of Silvertonhill
- John Hamilton
- Gavin Hamilton - ancestor of the Hamiltons of Dalzell
- Agnes Hamilton - married Sir James Hamilton of Preston
- Elizabeth Hamilton - married Chalmers of Gadgirth
- "Hamilton surname DNA results". Hamilton Surname DNA Project. November 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
|Baron of Cadzow
c. 1402–c. 1440