James Henderson Berry

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James Henderson Berry
AR James Berry.jpg
14th Governor of Arkansas
In office
January 13, 1883 – January 17, 1885
Preceded by Thomas James Churchill
Succeeded by Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr.
United States Senator
from Arkansas
In office
March 20, 1885 – March 4, 1907
Preceded by Augustus H. Garland
Succeeded by Jeff Davis
Personal details
Born May 15, 1841
Jackson County, Alabama
Died January 30, 1913(1913-01-30) (aged 71)
Bentonville, Arkansas
Political party Democratic
Military service
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Unit 16th Arkansas Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War
A 1908 monument in homage to James H. Berry and the Southern Soldier, located in the town square of Bentonville, Arkansas

James Henderson Berry (May 15, 1841 – January 30, 1913) was a United States Senator and served as the 14th Governor of the State of Arkansas.

Biography[edit]

Berry was born in Jackson County, Alabama to Isabella Jane (née Orr) and James McFerrin Berry. The family moved to Arkansas in 1848. Berry attended Berryville Academy in Berryville, Arkansas for one year. The Academy was named after his family.[1]

Berry studied law and in 1866 was admitted to the Arkansas bar.

In 1865, Berry married E.Q. "Lizzie" Quaile. They had six children: daughters Nellie Frank, Berl, Jennie, and Bessie; and sons Elliott and Frederick Hugh.[2]

Career[edit]

At the outbreak of the American Civil War, Berry joined the Confederate Army and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant with the 16th Arkansas Infantry Regiment. Berry lost his right leg during the Second Battle of Corinth in northern Mississippi.[3] After recuperating from his wound he worked as a school teacher and started a private law practice.

Berry was elected to the Arkansas House of Representatives in 1866. He was reelected in 1872 and in 1874. In his last term he was selected to be Speaker of the House. Berry was the chairman of the Democratic State Convention in 1876. In 1878 he became a judge for the Fourth Circuit Court and served in that post until 1882 when he was elected Governor of Arkansas.

The Berry administration focused on reducing the state debt and creating a State Mental Hospital. Berry did not run for reelection.

In March 1885, Berry was selected by the legislature to fill the unexpired term of Senator Augustus Hill Garland. Berry remained in the U.S. Senate for the next 22 years. In 1910, he accepted a position with the Arkansas History Commission to mark the graves of all Arkansas Confederate soldiers who had died in northern prisons.[4]

Death[edit]

James H. Berry died in Bentonville, Arkansas. Berry is buried at the Knights of Pythias Cemetery (now known as the Bentonville Cemetery), Bentonville, Arkansas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Berryville". CarrollCountyAR.com. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ Person Sheet: Senator James Henderson Berry, RootsWeb at Ancestry.com
  3. ^ "James Henderson Berry". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Arkansas Governor James Henderson Berry". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas James Churchill
Governor of Arkansas
1883–1885
Succeeded by
Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr.
United States Senate
Preceded by
Augustus H. Garland
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Arkansas
1885—1907
Served alongside: James K. Jones, James P. Clarke
Succeeded by
Jeff Davis