Jimmy Van Alen
James Henry "Jimmy" Van Alen II (September 19, 1902 – July 3, 1991) is best known for being the founder of the International Tennis Hall of Fame, the largest tennis museum in the world. A poet, musician, publisher, civic leader and raconteur, Jimmy Van Alen achieved his greatest renown in tennis. His greatest legacies are as the inventor of the tiebreaker in tennis, and as founder and primary benefactor of the International Tennis Hall of Fame and Museum at the Newport Casino, which he gave to the United States Tennis Association in 1954, saving the national landmark from a proposed car park.
Jimmy was born on September 19, 1902 in Newport, Rhode Island, USA to James Laurens Van Alen (1878—1927) and Margaret Van Alen Bruguiére (1876—1969). His paternal grandparents were James John Van Alen (1848—1923) and Emily Astor (1854—1881) of the Astor family.
He helped found the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1954 at the Newport Casino in Newport, Rhode Island. One of his contributions to the game was the development of the Van Alen Streamlined Scoreing System (VASSS) which, among other elements, advocated a sudden-death tie breaker to end prolonged sets and matches. Van Alen actively promoted his system and in 1970 the U.S Open became the first Grand Slam tournament to introduce, on an experimental basis, the tie-break. Initially it was a best-of-nine-points, sudden death tie-break which made it possible to have simultaneous match points for both players. Via a few intermediary steps this would evolve into the current best-of-twelve-point tie-break.
He was inducted into the Tennis Hall of Fame in 1965.
He was a great fan of Clement C. Moore's famous poem A Visit from Saint Nicholas which is more commonly known as Twas the Night Before Christmas. He purchased and restored the Clement C. Moore house on Catherine Street in Newport, RI and would make an annual public reading of the poem to children during the Christmas season.
He died after striking his head in a fall at his home on July 3, 1991. He is buried with his wife at the Berkeley Memorial Cemetery at Saint Columba's Chapel in Middletown, Rhode Island.
Two days after his death, on July 5, 1991, in a Wimbledon semifinal, Stefan Edberg lost to Michael Stich 6-4, 6-7(5-7), 6-7(5-7), 6-7(2-7). Edberg did not lose serve. Later, after hearing of Van Alen's death, Edberg said: "If he hadn't lived, Michael and I might still be out there playing".
- President, Newport Casino 1952
- President/Founder of National Hall of Fame
- Inventor of the first tie breaker
- Inventor of VASSS (Van Alen Streamlined Scoring System)
- National Court Tennis singles and doubles champion.