James Heywood (philanthropist)
He was born in Manchester, Lancashire, the son of banker Nathaniel and Ann (née Percival) Heywood, and was the brother of Benjamin Heywood and Thomas Heywood and grandson of Thomas Percival. He matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge and was admitted to the Inner Temple.
He was a member of the Manchester Statistical Society and published a study of the population of Miles Platting in Manchester . He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society and served as their President from 1875 to 1877.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in Feb 1839. His candidature citation read: "James Heywood, Esq of Trinity College, Cambridge, residing at 17 Cork Street, London, Barrister of the Inner Temple, author of a Report on the Geology of the Coal District of South Lancashire, published in the Transactions of the British Association, & also of a Report on the state of the population in Miles Platting, Manchester, published in the Journal of the Statistical Society of London; a gentleman much attached to science, being desirous of becoming a Fellow of the Royal Society, we the undersigned, do, from our personal knowledge, recommend him as deserving of that honor, & as likely to be a useful & valuable member" 
He was Liberal MP for North Lancashire from 1847 to 1857. He campaigned for free libraries, museums and art galleries, university entrance for dissenters and university degrees for women. He was President of the Sunday Society which campaigned for leisure activities to be available on Sundays.
He married on 11 June 1853 Anne (née Kennedy) Escher, the daughter of John Kennedy and widow of Albert Escher; they had a daughter Anne Sophia. They lived in London.
- "Royal Statistical Society List of Past Presidents". Royal Statistical Society. Retrieved 5 August 20210.
- "The Manchester Museum - Rocks and Minerals". Manchester University. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "Library and Archive catalogue". The Royal Society. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "James Heywood". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 5 August 2010.[unreliable source]