James Hope (Royal Navy officer)

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Sir James Hope
Born 3 March 1808
Died 9 June 1881
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1820–1878
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Commands held HMS Racer
HMS Firebrand
HMS Majestic
China Station
North America and West Indies Station
Portsmouth Command
Battles/wars Crimean War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Hope, GCB (3 March 1808 – 9 June 1881) was a Royal Navy officer.

Naval career[edit]

Hope was the son of Rear-Admiral Sir George Johnstone Hope, KCB (1767–1818). He entered the Royal Naval College, Portsmouth in 1820.[1] He was given command of HMS Racer in 1833 and HMS Firebrand in 1844.[1] He also took part in the Crimean War as Captain of HMS Majestic.[1]

He was appointed Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and China Station in March 1859 and three months later, in an action that saw the continuation of the Second Opium War, sailed North from Shanghai to Tianjin and launched an assault on the Chinese Forces occupying the Taku Forts at the mouth of the Hai River in order to ensure British and French ministers would have safe passage to Peking.[1]

He helped the Japanese repel the intrusion of a Russian fleet at Tsushima Island in 1861 in the Tsushima Incident.[2]

He became Commander-in-Chief of the North America and West Indies Station in 1863.[1] Promoted to Vice-Admiral in 1864 was made Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth in 1869.[1] Promoted to Admiral in 1870, he retired in 1878.[1]

Family[edit]

He married Frederica Kinnaird, the daughter of Charles Kinnaird, 8th Lord Kinnaird on 16 August 1838[1] but was widowered on 27 May 1856. He remarried, to Elizabeth Cotton, daughter of General Sir Arthur Cotton on 6 December 1877, but died shortly afterwards.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Sir James Hope at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Negotiating with imperialism Michael R. Auslin p.81
  3. ^ Debrett's Baronetage with Knightage 1876, Dean & Son, London, 1876
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Michael Seymour
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and China Station
1859–1862
Succeeded by
Sir Augustus Kuper
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Milne
Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station
1864–1867
Succeeded by
Sir Rodney Mundy
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Pasley
Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
1869–1872
Succeeded by
Sir Rodney Mundy
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Lauderdale
First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
1873–1878
Succeeded by
Hon. Sir Henry Keppel