James Hope (Royal Navy officer)
|Sir James Hope|
|Born||3 March 1808|
|Died||9 June 1881|
|Years of service||1820–1878|
|Rank||Admiral of the Fleet|
|Commands held||HMS Racer
North America and West Indies Station
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
Hope was the son of Rear-Admiral Sir George Johnstone Hope, KCB (1767–1818). He entered the Royal Naval College, Portsmouth in 1820. He was given command of HMS Racer in 1833 and HMS Firebrand in 1844. He also took part in the Crimean War as Captain of HMS Majestic.
He was appointed Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and China Station in March 1859 and three months later, in an action that saw the continuation of the Second Opium War, sailed North from Shanghai to Tianjin and launched an assault on the Chinese Forces occupying the Taku Forts at the mouth of the Hai River in order to ensure British and French ministers would have safe passage to Peking.
He became Commander-in-Chief of the North America and West Indies Station in 1863. Promoted to Vice-Admiral in 1864 was made Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth in 1869. Promoted to Admiral in 1870, he retired in 1878.
He married Frederica Kinnaird, the daughter of Charles Kinnaird, 8th Lord Kinnaird on 16 August 1838 but was widowered on 27 May 1856. He remarried, to Elizabeth Cotton, daughter of General Sir Arthur Cotton on 6 December 1877, but died shortly afterwards.
- Sir James Hope at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Negotiating with imperialism Michael R. Auslin p.81
- Debrett's Baronetage with Knightage 1876, Dean & Son, London, 1876
Sir Michael Seymour
|Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and China Station
Sir Augustus Kuper
Sir Alexander Milne
|Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station
Sir Rodney Mundy
Sir Thomas Pasley
Sir Rodney Mundy
The Earl of Lauderdale
|First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
Hon. Sir Henry Keppel