James Howard Kunstler
|James Howard Kunstler|
James Howard Kunstler in December 2007
October 19, 1948 |
New York City
|Occupation||Author, social critic, blogger|
James Howard Kunstler (born October 19, 1948) is an American author, social critic, public speaker, and blogger. He is best known for his books The Geography of Nowhere (1994), a history of American suburbia and urban development, The Long Emergency (2005) and most recently, Too Much Magic (2012). In The Long Emergency, he argues that declining oil production is likely to result in the end of industrialized society as we know it and force Americans to live in smaller-scale, localized, agrarian (or semi-agrarian) communities. Starting with World Made by Hand in 2008, Kunstler has written a series of science fiction novels conjecturing such a culture in the future.
Kunstler gives lectures on topics related to suburbia, urban development, and the challenges of what he calls "the global oil predicament", and a resultant change in the “American Way of Life.” He has lectured the TED Conference, the American Institute of Architects, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the International Council of Shopping Centers, the National Association of Science and Technology, as well as at numerous colleges and universities, including Yale, MIT, Harvard, Cornell, University of Illinois, DePaul, Texas A & M, West Point, and Rutgers University.
Also a seasoned journalist, Kunstler continues to write for The Atlantic Monthly, Slate.com, RollingStone, The New York Times Sunday Magazine, and the Op-Ed page where he often covers environmental and economic issues. Kunstler is also a leading supporter of the movement known as "New Urbanism."
Kunstler was born in New York City to Jewish parents, who divorced when he was eight. His family then moved to the suburbs in Long Island. His father was a middleman in the diamond trade. Kunstler spent most of his childhood with his mother and stepfather, a publicist for Broadway shows. While spending summers at a boys' camp in New Hampshire, he became acquainted with the small town ethos that would later permeate many of his works.
In 1966, he graduated from New York City's High School of Music & Art, and attended the State University of New York at Brockport, where he majored in Theater. After college, Kunstler worked as a reporter and feature writer for a number of newspapers, and finally as a staff writer for Rolling Stone. In 1975, he began writing books and lecturing full-time.
He has lectured at Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Dartmouth, Cornell, MIT, RPI, the University of Virginia, and many other colleges, and he has appeared before many professional organizations such as the AIA, the APA, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Over the course of the first 14 years of his writing career (1979–1993), Kunstler wrote seven novels.
Since the mid-1990s, he has written four non-fiction books about suburban development and diminishing global oil supplies. According to the Columbia Journalism Review, his first work on the subject, The Geography of Nowhere, discussed the effects of "cartoon architecture, junked cities, and a ravaged countryside", as he put it. Described as a jeremiad by The Washington Post, Kunstler is critical of suburbia and urban development trends throughout the United States, and is a proponent of the New Urbanism movement. According to Scott Carlson, reporter for The Chronicle of Higher Education, Kunstler's books on the subject have become "standard reading in architecture and urban planning courses".
He describes America as a poorly planned and "tragic landscape of highway strips, parking lots, housing tracts, mega-malls, junked cities, and ravaged countryside that makes up the everyday environment where most Americans live and work." In a 2001 op-ed for Planetizen, he wrote that in the wake of 9/11 the "age of skyscrapers is at an end", that no new megatowers would be built, and that existing tall buildings are destined to be dismantled.
In his books that followed, such as Home From Nowhere, The City in Mind, and The Long Emergency (2005), he pushed hard on taboo topics like a post-oil America. James Howard Kunstler says he wrote The Geography of Nowhere, "Because I believe a lot of people share my feelings about the tragic landscape of highway strips, parking lots, housing tracts, mega-malls, junked cities, and ravaged countryside that makes up the everyday environment where most Americans live and work". He was featured in the "peak oil" documentary, The End of Suburbia, widely circulated on the internet, as well as the Canadian mockumentary Radiant City (2006).
In his recent science fiction novel World Made by Hand (2008), he describes a future dependent on localized production and agriculture, with little reliance on imports. The Witch of Hebron, a sequel, was released in the autumn of 2010; two more sequels are under development.
In his writings and lectures, he contends that there is no other alternative energy source on the horizon that can replace relatively cheap oil. He therefore envisions a "low energy" world that will be radically different from today's. This has contributed to his becoming an outspoken advocate for one of his solutions, a more energy-efficient rail system, and writes "we have to get cracking on the revival of the railroad system if we expect to remain a united country."
Bill Kauffman has called Kunstler the "scourge of suburbia," and a "slashingly witty Jeremiah." In a review of Kunstler's weekly audio podcast, the Columbia Journalism Review described the KunstlerCast as "a weekly podcast that offers some of the smartest, most honest urban commentary around—online or off." The Albany, New York, Times Union reviewed Kunstler's book World Made by Hand, writing that, "James Howard Kunstler is fiddling his way to the apocalypse, one jig at a time." The paper described the book's scenario as "grim", with "an upside or two."
Kunstler has been called "provocative and entertaining" by The New York Times, while The Christian Science Monitor noted that “disturbing others’ sense of normality is something Kunstler does well... everyone who knows his work acknowledges his power to wake up a crowd.” In critiquing The Long Emergency, journalist Chris Hayes claims that while Kunstler makes valid points about the consequences of peak oil, he undermines his credibility with rhetoric and perceived misanthropy. Joseph Romm, a climate change expert and Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress, has stated his belief that accelerating shifts toward renewable energy will maintain suburban lifestyles and that, contrary to Kunstler's arguments, "suburbia won’t be destroyed by peak oil."
Charles Bensinger, co-founder of Renewable Energy Partners of New Mexico, describes Kunstler's views as "fashionably fear-mongering" and uninformed regarding the potential of renewable energy resources to eliminate the need for fossil fuels. Contrarily, Paul Salopek of The Chicago Tribune finds that, "Kunstler has plotted energy starvation to its logical extremes" and points to the US Department of Energy Hirsch report as drawing similar conclusions. David Ehrenfeld, writing for American Scientist, sees Kunstler delivering a "powerful integration of science, technology, economics, finance, international politics and social change" with a "lengthy discussion of the alternatives to cheap oil."
- J Kunstler. "Kunstler Memoirs: Off to College 1966". J Kunstler. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
- J Kunstler. "Kunstler Memoirs: The Station 1957–63". J Kunstler. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
- Michele Wilson (October 16, 2008). "The American Nightmare". The Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
- Scott Carlson (October 20, 2006). "A Social Critic Warns of Upheavals to Come". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 2007-12-27.
- James Howard Kunstler's web site
- "Kunstler Predicts The End of Tall Buildings". [Planetizen]. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- Salam, Reihan. "Heralding The End Times". The New York Sun. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Kauffman, Bill (December 19, 2005) Free Vermont, The American Conservative
- Grondahl, Paul, "No oil? Cities in ruins? Welcome to Kunstler's 'World'", Albany Times Union March 16, 2008, page J1 to J2.
- Wise Fool, ChrisHayes.com, Retrieved June 22, 2011
- Why I don’t agree with James Kunstler about peak oil and the “end of suburbia”, ThinkProgress, October 28, 2007
- Charles Bensinger (2005). "Short Solutions to the Long Emergency". The Green Institute. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- Paul Salopek. "Nigerian Oil Flows into Suburban America", The Chicago Tribune, July 26, 2006.
- David Ehrenfeld (2005). "The End is Nigh". American Scientist Online. Retrieved 2007-12-27.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: James Howard Kunstler|
- James Howard Kunstler home page
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- Interviews with the author
- Chaos in the City. Architecture, Modernism and Peak Oil Production—James Howard Kunstler in Interview
- James Howard Kunstler Interview in MungBeing Magazine
- James Howard Kunstler interview in The Chronicle of Higher Education
- Orion Magazine 5-part video interview
- World Made By Hand interview, The Jeff Farias Show, NovaM Radio / 1480 KPHX
- Too Much Magic interview, The Extraenvironmentalist podcast
- TED Talks: James Howard Kunstler dissects suburbia at TED in 2004
- Kunstler on the Colbert Report