James Israel

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James Israel
James Adolf Israel.jpg
James Israel
Born February 2, 1848
Berlin
Died February 2, 1926
Nationality Germany
Fields surgery
Alma mater Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität
Doctoral advisor Ludwig Traube (physician)
Known for urologic and renal surgery
Actinomyces
Influences Bernhard von Langenbeck

James Adolf Israel (February 2, 1848 – February 2, 1926) was a German surgeon who was a native of Berlin.

Academic background[edit]

In 1870 he received his medical doctorate from Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin, where he studied under Ludwig Traube (1818–1876). During the Franco-Prussian War, he served as a military physician, afterwards furthering his studies in Vienna (1871). During the following year he became an assistant physician at the hospital for the Jewish community. In 1875, after furthering his education in England and Scotland, he was appointed deputy physician-in-chief of the surgical department of the Jewish hospital in Berlin, where in 1880 he was promoted to chief-in-chief. In 1894 he received the title of professor. Among his students in Berlin was surgeon Ferdinand Karewski (1858-1923).

Contributions in medicine[edit]

Israel was a pioneer in modern urologic and renal surgery. His inaugural thesis involved Bright’s kidney disease, and his first report of an operation of the kidney was in 1882.[1] He published over 100 articles during his career, largely on urologic medicine. He was co-founder of the journal Folia Urologica.[2]

Israel made important contributions in the field of plastic surgery, particularly oral and maxillofacial surgery.[3] He was also an early advocate of Joseph Lister's antiseptic practices in the operating room.[4] In addition, he is credited for design of a mobile hospital railcar known as a Lazarett.

In 1878 he provided the first description of actinomycosis in humans, caused by a pathogen that was later given the name Actinomyces israelii.[5][6][7]

Associated eponym[edit]

Selected writings[edit]

  • Fünf Fälle von diffuser Nephritis (Five cases of diffuse nephritis). Medical dissertation, Berlin 1870.
  • Angiectasie im Stromgebiete der A. tibialis antica.
  • Beobachtung einiger bemerkenswerther Phaenomene nach Unterbindung der A. femoralis . (Observations of a remarkable phenomena after removal of the femoral artery). Klin Arch Chir 21 (1877) 109.
  • Klinische Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Aktinomykose des Menschen. (Clinical contributions to the knowledge of actinomycosis in humans). Berlin 1885.
  • Ueber Reincultur des Actinomyces und seine Uebertragbarkeit auf Thiere. Archiv Pathologische Anatomie; (1891); 126:11–28, (with Max Wolff).
  • Chirurgische Klinik der Nierenkrankheiten. (Surgical clinic of renal disease). Berlin 1901.
  • Die Chirurgie der Niere und des Harnleiters. (The surgery of the kidney and ureter). 1926.

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Adolf Israel @ Who Named It
  2. ^ Google Books Albany Medical Annals, Volume 28
  3. ^ NCBI, James Israel (1848-1926). His contribution to oral and maxillofacial surgery Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir. 2003 May;7(3):146-50. Epub 2003 Apr 10..
  4. ^ Schultheiss, Dirk (March 2008). "James Israel (1848-1926). Discoverer of actinomycosis and pioneer of kidney surgery". Aktuelle Urologie 39 (2): 105–8. PMID 18464337. 
  5. ^ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Actinomyces Odontolyticus Bacteremia
  6. ^ J.P. Euzéby: List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature - Genus Actinomyces
  7. ^ Actinomycosis of the Knee JAMA Surgery April 1950, Vol 60, No. 4
  8. ^ Nicoladoni-Israel-Branham sign @ Who Named It
  • This article incorporates information based on a translation of an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]