James Jardine

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For the soldier and diplomat, see James Bruce Jardine. For the American Civil War soldier, see James Jardine (Medal of Honor).

James Jardine FRSE FSAScot (1776–20 June 1858) was a Scottish civil engineer, mathematician and geologist. He was the first person to determine mean sea level.[1]

James Jardine by Patric Park 1842
James Jardine's grave, Warriston Cemetery

He was born in Applegarth, Dumfriesshire, on 30 November 1776, the son of a farmer. He was educated at Dumfries Academy and Edinburgh University. He was a friend of Thomas Telford and they coloborated on several projects[2]

He built tunnels and bridges, including for the Innocent Railway, and built reservoirs including Glencorse, Threipmuir, Harlaw for Edinburgh, and Cobbinshaw for the Union Canal.

He is buried in Warriston Cemetery, in the upper section, on the main east west path near the old East Gate.


  1. ^ Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Scottish National Portrait Gallery, notes on display
  • Gazetteer for Scotland: James Jardine[1]