James Jardine FRSE FSAScot (1776–20 June 1858) was a Scottish civil engineer, mathematician and geologist. He was the first person to determine mean sea level.
James Jardine's grave, Warriston Cemetery
He was born in Applegarth, Dumfriesshire, on 30 November 1776, the son of a farmer. He was educated at Dumfries Academy and Edinburgh University. He was a friend of Thomas Telford and they coloborated on several projects
He built tunnels and bridges, including for the Innocent Railway, and built reservoirs including Glencorse, Threipmuir, Harlaw for Edinburgh, and Cobbinshaw for the Union Canal.
He is buried in Warriston Cemetery, in the upper section, on the main east west path near the old East Gate.
- Gazetteer for Scotland: James Jardine