James Joynton Smith
|Sir James Joynton Smith
|48th Lord Mayor of Sydney|
|Preceded by||Richard Meagher|
|Succeeded by||John English|
4 October 1858|
London, United Kingdom
|Died||10 October 1943
Coogee, New South Wales
Born James Smith (he added the Joynton later) in Bishopsgate, London, Smith worked at sea until 1874, when he settled in Wellington, New Zealand. In 1884 he organised the Seamen's and Firemen's Union of Wellington, and was first president and secretary of the Cooks' and Pantrymen's Union of New Zealand. He went on to run the Prince of Wales Hotel, then the Post Office Hotel and marrying in 1882. However, according to his memoirs, he gambled away his fortune during a brief return to London in 1886. Around 1890 he arrived in Sydney and in 1891 re-entered the hospitality industry, starting with the Grand Central Coffee Palace, a temperance hotel. In 1896 he took over lease of the Imperial Arcade Hotel in Pitt Street, renaming it the Arcadia and transforming it into a highly profitable residential hotel. He eventually acquired a string of hotels in Sydney and the Blue Mountains, including the Log Cabin in Penrith, the Imperial in Mount Victoria and the Carrington in Katoomba. The Carrington was notable for having its own power plant - its chimney can still be seen to this day - which also supplied electricity to parts of Katoomba. Earlier he had established the Imperial Arcade Electric Light Co, which later formed the nucleus of Sydney City Council's electricity system.
In 1901, his interest in sports led to him taking out a lease at Brighton racecourse at Rockdale, and later the Forest Lodge racecourse in Glebe, which eventually became Harold Park. In 1908 he opened the Victoria Park racecourse at Zetland, turning it into a showplace for horse and pony racing and trotting.
After failing in an attempt for a State Legislative Assembly seat, Smith was appointed for life to the Legislative Council in 1912. He was never active in the upper house and retired when it was re-formed in 1933. From 1916 to 1918 he was an independent alderman of Sydney Municipal Council for Bligh Ward. He served as Lord Mayor of Sydney in 1917. After losing his seat in the 1918 elections, Smith helped Clyde Packer and Claude McKay to launch the newspaper Smith's Weekly (1919–50), for which he is perhaps best remembered, investing £20,000 in its formation. The tabloid, initially printed in the basement of the Imperial Arcade, was aimed squarely at supporting the rights and welfare of returned servicemen, with whom it proved popular. Knighted in 1920, chiefly for his work raising war bonds during World War I, Smith remained chairman of Smith's Newspapers until 1939. Noted for generous support of patriotic and hospital charities, he was instrumental in the establishment of Royal South Sydney Hospital, across the road from Victoria Park racecourse. He was at one time a director of Sydney Hospital, the Wentworth Falls Convalescent Home, and was first president of the Picton Lakes T.B Soldiers and Sailors' Settlement at Thirlmere. Remarkably for a man whose fortune was largely built on hotels, he was a teetotaller.
Smith died at his residence Hastings House, Baden Street, Coogee, New South Wales on 10 December 1943 and was cremated at Northern Suburbs Crematorium the following day. He was survived by his third wife and a daughter and a son (his eldest child, Thayre, died in 1938, aged 31). His estate, valued at £326,000, was the subject of a long and expensive litigation. Joynton Ave in Zetland, New South Wales and Joynton Smith Drive in Canberra were named for him.
|Lord Mayors of Sydney
- Blaikie, George Remember Smith's Weekly Angus & Robertson, London 1967
- Smith, Sir James John Joynton (1858 - 1943) Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online Edition. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
- Headon, David (October 1999). "Up From the Ashes: The Phoenix of a Rugby League Literature" (PDF). Football Studies Volume 2, Issue 2. Football Studies Group. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- Sydney Morning Herald, January 7, 1939.