James L. Greenfield

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James L. Greenfield (born July 16, 1924)[1] served as United States Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs from 1962 to 1964 and was one of the editors of the New York Times who decided to publish the Pentagon Papers in 1971.

Biography[edit]

Born in Cleveland in 1924, Greenfield attended high school at Cleveland Heights High School, graduating in 1942.[2] He then went on to receive a B.A. from Harvard College.[3]

After college, Greenfield became a foreign correspondent for Time, with postings in Asia, Europe and Washington.[3] He rose to become Time's chief diplomatic correspondent.[3] In the early 1950s, while posted in Hong Kong, Greenfield met his future wife, Margaret Ann Schwertley (December 23, 1924 – December 8, 1999), who was a Pan Am stewardess based out of Hong Kong; the couple wed in 1954.[4]

Greenfield joined the United States Department of State during the Kennedy administration as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs.[3] In 1964, President of the United States Lyndon Johnson promoted Greenfield to Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs and Greenfield held this office from September 10, 1964 until March 12, 1966.[3]

Greenfield joined the New York Times in 1967 as assistant metropolitan editor. From 1969 to 1977, he was the Times' foreign news editor, and was the project editor during the publication of the Pentagon Papers, for which the New York Times won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service.[3] He became an assistant managing editor in 1977. In 1987, the New York Times announced that Greenfield would become editor of The New York Times Magazine, while remaining an assistant managing editor of the Times.[3]

Greenfield's wife, Margaret Greenfield, worked as a dealer in art and antiques.[4] From the mid-1970s until 1998, she owned and ran Marco Polo, an art and antiques store located on Madison Avenue between 84th and 85th Streets.[4] The couple lived in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, and Greenfield's wife also developed brownstone houses.[4]

In 1991, Greenfield stepped down as assistant managing editor, though he remained a consulting member of the editorial board.[4] In that year, Greenfield and his wife, along with Donald M. Wilson, a former vice president with Time Inc., founded the Independent Journalism Foundation, an organization designed to teach journalism skills to reporters in former Communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=LyoOAQAAMAAJ&q=%22James+L.+Greenfield%22+AND+%22secretary%22+AND+%221924%22&dq=%22James+L.+Greenfield%22+AND+%22secretary%22+AND+%221924%22&hl=en&ei=HfTXTd_lBYfk0QGDvMH8Aw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA
  2. ^ CHHS Alumni Hall of Fame
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "James L. Greenfield is Appointed Editor of Times Magazine", New York Times, Oct. 23, 1987
  4. ^ a b c d e f Eric Pace, "Margaret Greenfield, 74, Art and Antiques Dealer", New York Times, Dec. 9, 1999
Government offices
Preceded by
Robert Manning
Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
September 10, 1964 – March 12, 1966
Succeeded by
Dixon Donnelley