James Lauderdale (1768–1814) was an American military officer who died during the War of 1812. Native of Botetourt County, Virginia, Lauderdale moved to Sumner County, Tennessee, as a young man. In 1813, he joined a unit of cavalry militia under General John Coffee. He later served under General Andrew Jackson and was wounded during the Battle of Talladega, during what was called the Creek War. He was then commissioned as a colonel, but he died during the first Battle of New Orleans in December 1814.