James Lauderdale (1780–1814) was an American military officer who died during the War of 1812. Native to Virginia, Lauderdale moved to Tennessee as a young man. In 1813, he joined a unit of cavalry militia under General John Coffee. He later served under General Andrew Jackson, and was wounded during the Battle of Talladega in what was called the Creek War. He was then commissioned as a colonel but died during the first Battle of New Orleans in 1814.