James M. Broom
|James M. Broom|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's At-large district
March 4, 1805 – October 6, 1807
|Preceded by||Caesar A. Rodney|
|Succeeded by||Nicholas Van Dyke|
|Died||January 15, 1850
|Alma mater||Princeton College|
James Madison Broom (1776 – January 15, 1850) was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U. S. Representative from Delaware.
Early life and family
Broom was born in Wilmington, Delaware, the son of Delaware politician Jacob Broom and Rachel Pierce. James was born near Wilmington, Delaware. His first wife's name was Ann who died August 9, 1808 and he may have remarried Mary Lowber. By his first wife he has two children, Elizabeth and Jacob, a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania. James Broom graduated from Princeton College in 1794. He then studied law, was admitted to the Delaware Bar in 1801 and practiced law in New Castle, Wilmington, and Baltimore, Maryland.
Professional and political career
Broom was elected as a Federalist in the 9th and 10th Congresses, serving from March 4, 1805 until his resignation October 6, 1807, before the assembling of the 10th Congress. He moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1819 and resumed the practice of law. Later he was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1824.
Death and legacy
Elections were held the first Tuesday of October. U.S. Representatives took office March 4 and have a two-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Party||Began office||Ended office||notes|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||Federalist||March 4, 1805||October 6, 1807|
|United States Congressional service|
|1805–1807||9th||U.S. House||Republican||Thomas Jefferson||at-large|
|1807–1809||10th||U.S. House||Republican||Thomas Jefferson||at-large|
|1804||U.S. Representative||David Hall||Republican||2,682||47%||James M. Broom||Federalist||3,010||53%|||
|1806||U.S. Representative||Thomas Fitzgerald||Republican||830||21%||James M. Broom||Federalist||2,353||61%|||
- This was a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James A. Bayard, Sr..
- An additional candidate was Isaac H. Starr (24).
- Additional candidates were Joseph Haslet (382), and Thomas Montgomery (323).
- Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
- Delaware's Members of Congress
- Find a Grave
- The Political Graveyard
Places with more information
- Delaware Historical Society; website; 505 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19801; (302) 655-7161
- University of Delaware; Library website; 181 South College Avenue, Newark, Delaware 19717; (302) 831-2965