James M. Garnett

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James Mercer Garnett (June 8, 1770 – April 23, 1843) was a nineteenth-century politician and planter from Virginia. He was the brother of Robert S. Garnett, the first cousin of Charles F. Mercer, and the grandfather of Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett.

Biography[edit]

Born at "Mount Pleasant" near Loretto, Virginia, Garnett was schooled by private teachers as a child and later engaged in planting. He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1800 and 1801 before being elected a Democratic-Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1804, serving from 1805 to 1809. There, he was a member of the grand jury that indicted former Vice President Aaron Burr for treason in 1807. He was not a candidate for reelection and instead returned to planting and later conducted a school for boys on his plantation. He wrote Lectures on Female Education: Comprising the First and Second Series of a Course Delivered to Mrs. Garnett's Pupils, at Elm-wood, Essex County, Virginia (1824).

Garnett served as president of the Fredericksburg Agricultural Society from 1817 to 1837, returned to the House of Delegates in 1824 and 1825 and was a member of the anti-tariff conventions of 1821 and 1831. He was one of the founders of the Virginia State Agricultural Society, was vice president of the Virginia Colonization Society, and was a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830. Garnett died at his estate called "Elmwood" near Loretto, Virginia on April 23, 1843, and was interned in the family cemetery on the estate.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Anthony New
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1809
Succeeded by
John Roane