James McBride (politician)

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James McBride
James McBride, US minister to Hawaii.jpg
United States Ambassador to Kingdom of Hawaii
In office
1863–1866
President Abraham Lincoln
Preceded by Thomas J. Dryer
Succeeded by Edward M. McCook
Personal details
Born February 9, 1802
Nashville, Tennessee
Died December 18, 1875
St. Helens, Oregon
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mahala Miller
Relations George L. Woods
Children George W. McBride
John R. McBride
Thomas A. McBride
Profession Educator, Doctor, Preacher, Farmer, Politician, Diplomat

James McBride (February 9, 1802 – December 18, 1875) was an American politician, educator, and patriarch of a political family in the state of Oregon. A native of Tennessee, he served in the Oregon Territorial Legislature and as United States Minister to Hawaii, as well as one of the founders of the Oregon Republican Party. Two of his sons served in the United States Congress, while a third served on the Oregon Supreme Court.

Early life[edit]

James McBride was born near present-day Nashville, Tennessee, on February 9, 1802. He was educated in Nashville and then moved to Missouri where he married Mahala Miller in Springfield on June 20, 1830.[1] Together they had fourteen children. James practiced medicine there before the family immigrated to Oregon Country in 1846 settling near Lafayette, Oregon.[1] In Oregon he taught school, practiced medicine, farmed, and preached.[1]

Politics[edit]

In 1850, he was elected to the Territorial Council, the upper chamber of the Oregon Territorial Legislature.[2] He was later named Oregon Territory's first school superintendent.[1]

In 1863, James McBride was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as Minister to the Kingdom of Hawaii. During his time in that position he began the negotiations with Russia for the purchase of Alaska, and then later was involved in settling the Beresford Incident with Great Britain.[1] He served until 1866. Dr. McBride retired from government service in 1867 and settled at St. Helens, Oregon.

Two of McBride's sons served in the United States Congress representing Oregon: George W. McBride served as a Senator and John R. McBride served as a Representative. Another son, Thomas A. McBride, was chief justice of the Oregon Supreme Court, and a daughter, Louisa, married Oregon's third governor, George L. Woods.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  2. ^ "James McBride". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 

External links[edit]