James Walter McFarlane (12 December 1920, Sunderland - 9 August 1999, Stody, Norfolk) was a scholar of European literature, author of The Oxford Ibsen, and founding Dean of the School of European Studies at University of East Anglia which specialised in Scandinavian studies.
McFarlane grew up in Sunderland and attended Bede Grammar School, and then went to St Catherine's College, Oxford. His Oxford degree in modern languages, interrupted by war while he served in Europe in the Intelligence Corps, was completed in 1947. During the war he played association football for Sunderland A.F.C.. 
His first appointment was as lecturer at Durham University in 1947, in the department of German and Scandinavian studies at King's College. (In 1963, this became Newcastle University) Here he encountered the likes of Harald Naess and Ake Leander.
Between 1960 and 1977 he edited the eight volumes of The Oxford Ibsen (OI), consisting of translations of Henrik Ibsen's works, many of which were his own. Graham Orton is credited as an editor and translation. Other contributors included Johan Fillinger, Christopher Fry and James Kirkup.
- 1970: Early plays
- 1962: The Vikings at Helgeland, Love's Comedy, The Pretenders
- 1972: Brand; Peer Gynt
- 1963: The League of Youth, Emperor and Galilean
- 1961: Pillars of society; A Doll's House; Ghosts
- 1960: An Enemy of the People; The Wild Duck; Rosmersholm
- 1966: Lady From the Sea; Hedda Gabler, the Master Builder
- 1977: Little Eyolf; John Gabriel Borkman; When We Dead Awaken
University of East Anglia
In his retirement he established and built his own press, Norvik Press, with the assistance of Janet Garton and Michael Robinson, to publish translations and commentary of Scandinavian literature.
In 1991 he retired from editor of Scandinavica.
- member of council for the Eastern Arts Association
- Chairman of the BBC Regional Advisory Board
- Chairman of the Wells Arts Centre
- Chairman of the Hunsworth Crafts Trust
- a director of the Norwich Puppet Theatre
Kathleen had a distinguished career in weaving, and died in 2008, survived by their daughter and two sons.
- Knut Hamsun; James Walter McFarlane (tr.) (1955). Pan : from Lieutenant Thomas Glahn's papers. Noonday Press. OCLC 1562625.
- James Walter McFarlane (1960). Ibsen and the temper of Norwegian literature. Oxford University Press. OCLC 27765423.
- Ibsen; James Walter McFarlane & Graham Orton (tr.) (1960–1977). The Oxford Ibsen (8v.). Oxford University Press. OCLC 237131207.
- Malcolm Bradbury; James Walter McFarlane (1976). Modernism: A Guide To European Literature. Penguin. ISBN 0-14-021933-1.
- Knut Hamsun; James Walter McFarlane (tr.) (1980). Wayfarers. New York: Farrar, Straus Giroux. ISBN 0-374-28672-8.
- Michael Robinson (1999). "Professor James McFarlane". The Independent.
- Malcolm Bradbury (30 August 1999). "Professor James McFarlane". The Guardian.
- Oxford dictionary of national biography 35. p. 377.
- "The Oxford Ibsen: VOLUME III, BRAND AND PEER GYNT". Essays in Criticism.
- O. Classe (ed.). Encyclopedia of literary translation into English, Volume 1. p. 689.
- Michael Sanderson (2002). The history of the University of East Anglia, Norwich. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 90. ISBN 1-85285-336-0.
- "Kathleen McFarlane". The Telegraph. 8 December 2008.