James Mott (20 June 1788 – 26 January 1868) was a Quaker leader, teacher, and merchant as well as an activist for anti-slavery and women's rights.
Life and work
He was born in Cowneck in North Hempstead on Long Island, to a Quaker family. James taught for two years at the Nine Partners Boarding School in Millbrook, New York where his grandfather was the superintendent.
At Nine Partners, he also met his future wife Lucretia Coffin, a student and later a teacher's aide. He married Lucretia Coffin Mott on 10 April 1811 in Philadelphia. They had six children, five of whom lived to adulthood, four daughters and a son. James then began work as a partner in Lucretia's father's nail business in Philadelphia. In 1822, James became a textile merchant dealing in cotton. His Hicksite Quaker opposition to slavery, combined with increasing calls to end slavery by boycotting slave goods, influenced James to switch to dealing in wool, produced without the labor of slaves.
Like his more famous wife, James was an active abolitionist, dedicated his life to abolition and the free produce movement. In 1833, he attended the founding meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society in Philadelphia, and signed the convention's declaration. Later, he helped found the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society with Lucretia.
Mott's sister, Abigail Lydia Mott, and brother-in-law, Lindley Murray Moore were instrumental in founding the Rochester Anti-Slavery Society in 1838.
In 1841, he published Three Months in Great Britain, an account of the journey he took with Lucretia to attend the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840. Though both he and his wife traveled as official delegates, the convention voted to exclude the female delegates from the United States. James Mott participated as an official delegate.
James chaired the Seneca Falls Convention, a women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848 on July 19 and 20 at which his wife was the main speaker. He and Lucretia signed the convention's Declaration of Sentiments.
In 1864, James helped start Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania. He died of pneumonia in Brooklyn, NY in 1868.
- "Mott, James." Dictionary of American Biography. Vol. 1, Charles Scribner's Sons. 1928.
- Hallowell, Anna Davis; Mortt, Lucretia (1884). James and Lucretia Mott. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company. a
- Mott, James (1841). Three Months in Great Britain. Philadelphia: James Miller McKim.
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