James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley

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The Lord Tyrawley
MontaguTyrawleyUnknown.jpg
Lord Tyrawley, with John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu and an unknown man
Born 1682
Died 14 July 1774 (aged 91 or 92)
Gibraltar
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/wars War of Spanish Succession (WIA)

Field Marshal James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and 1st Baron Kilmaine PC (1682 – 14 July 1774) was an Irish officer of the British Army.

Career[edit]

Born the son of Charles O'Hara, 1st Baron Tyrawley, James O'Hara was commissioned into the Royal Fusiliers in 1703.[1]

He was active during the War of Spanish Succession and fought at the Siege of Barcelona in 1706 and was wounded at the Battle of Almansa in 1707 and again at the Battle of Malplaquet in 1709.[1] In 1728, he was appointed an envoy to Portugal.[1] He transferred to the 7th Regiment of Foot in 1739.[1] He became Ambassador to Russia in 1743 and Governor of Minorca in 1747.[1] He transferred Regiment again in 1755 this time to the Coldstream Guards.[1]

He became Governor of Gibraltar in 1756 and set about improving the fortifications. These changes came under criticism from William Skinner who was British Chief Engineer. The two of them attended the House of Commons where O'Hara harangued Skinner who took the anger in good humour.[2] There appears to have been no long term damage as O'Hara was given the rank of field marshal in 1763.[1] He was the father of Charles O'Hara, who followed him into the army and also served as Governor of Gibraltar. A daughter was the actress George Anne Bellamy.

He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1748.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Stuart Handley, ‘O'Hara, James, second Baron Tyrawley and Baron Kilmaine (1681/2–1773)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 2 Feb 2013
  2. ^ Paul Latcham, ‘Skinner, William (1699/1700–1780)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 1 Feb 2013 Paul Latcham, ‘Skinner, William (1699/1700–1780)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 1 Feb 2013
  3. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
Military offices
Preceded by
The Lord Tyrawley
Colonel of The Royal Regiment of Fuzileers
1713–1739
Succeeded by
William Hargrave
Preceded by
Thomas Pearce
Colonel of the 5th Regiment of Horse
1739–1743
Succeeded by
John Brown
Preceded by
The Earl of Crawford
Captain and Colonel of the
2nd Troop Horse Grenadier Guards

1743–1745
Succeeded by
The Earl of Rothes
Preceded by
The 2nd Earl of Albemarle
Captain and Colonel of the
3rd Troop Horse Guards

1745–1746
Regiment disbanded
Preceded by
Francis Columbine
Colonel of The Lord Tyrawley's Regiment
1746–1749
Succeeded by
Edward Pole
Preceded by
Archibald Hamilton
Colonel of the 14th Regiment of Dragoons
1749–1752
Succeeded by
Louis Dejean[link currently leads to a wrong person]
Preceded by
Humphrey Bland
Colonel of the 3rd (King's Own) Regiment of Dragoons
1752–1755
Succeeded by
The 3rd Earl of Albemarle
Preceded by
The 2nd Earl of Albemarle
Colonel of the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards
1755–1773
Succeeded by
The Earl Waldegrave
Preceded by
Earl of Stair
Governor of Minorca
1747–1756
Succeeded by
Hyacinthe Gaëtan de Lannion
Preceded by
Thomas Fowke
Governor of Gibraltar
1756–1757
Succeeded by
The Earl of Home
Preceded by
Henry Hawley
Governor of Portsmouth
1759–1773
Succeeded by
Edward Harvey
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Kilmaine
1722–1774
Extinct
Preceded by
Charles O'Hara
Baron Tyrawley
1724–1774