James O'Loghlin (Australian politician)

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James O'Loghlin
James O'Loghlin.jpg
Senator for South Australia
In office
11 July 1907 – 20 December 1907
Preceded by Joseph Vardon
Succeeded by Joseph Vardon
In office
1 July 1913 – 30 June 1920
In office
1 July 1923 – 4 December 1925
Succeeded by Henry Barwell
Personal details
Born (1852-11-25)25 November 1852
Gumeracha, South Australia
Died 4 December 1925(1925-12-04) (aged 73)
Nationality Australian
Political party Labor
Occupation Journalist, soldier

James Vincent O'Loghlin (25 November 1852 – 4 December 1925) was an Australian politician.

Early history[edit]

O'Loghlin was born in Gumeracha, South Australia, a son of Susan (ca.1813 – 14 December 1883) and James O'Loghlin (ca.1811 – 5 September 1876), a pioneer farmer, who arrived in South Australia from Ireland in 1840. After being educated at Mr. Besley's Roman Catholic School at Kapunda and the Classical and Commercial Academy (under Mr. J. H. Potter) in the same town, he started farming with his father at Kapunda, Pinkerton, and Blyth, and afterwards at Pekina. He was next employed on the Hill River and Pinkerton stations, and later worked for the South Australian Carrying Company, which had a contract with the railways. He was next put in charge of the Farrell's Flat railway station, at that time a major junction. He was promoted to manager for the company at Gawler, where he remained until the contract system was abolished and the Government took over the whole of the railway goods traffic. O'Loghlin next became a wheat-buyer for the millers W. Duffield and Co. of Gawler; and when that firm was amalgamated with the Adelaide Milling and Mercantile Company he was appointed their agent at Terowie. While there, he and a Mr. Dawson, who had previously been editor of the Burra Record, founded the Terowie Enterprise and North-Eastern Advertiser, and subsequently became sole proprietor. He remained in the newspnper business for three years, and when in 1887 the Adelaide Milling Company moved him to Gladstone, he sold it.[1]

Politics[edit]

Shortly after his move to Gladstone, O'Loghlin was elected to its Town Council. In 1888, as the Labor candidate, he was one of ten who sat for the two Northern District seats of the South Australian Legislative Council. John Darling headed the poll, and he won second seat. He moved to Adelaide and took up the post of editor and manager of The Southern Cross, a South Australian Catholic newspaper. He was a strong supporter of the Irish National League, and their South Australian delegate to the Irish-Australian Convention in Melbourne in November, 1883. He was also a prominent member of the Australian Natives' Association. O'Loghlin's retained a great popularity in the Northern District, and at the end of his term and he stood for re-election in 1892 he was returned at the head of the poll. In March 1896 Kingston appointed him Chief Secretary and Minister of Defence, retaining those posts until 1 December 1899 when their government was defeated. During that period he was the sole Government member in the Legislative Council. He lost his seat at the 1902 elections, after fourteen years of continuous service.

In State Parliament O'Loghlin was a member of the Barossa Water Commission, and was also a member of the Royal Commission which enquired into railway communication with the Queensland border. As leader of the Legislative Council he was dignified and tactful, and won the friendship of members, as well as their respect.

He was a crack shot, and an active member of the Irish Corps of the 10th A.I.R.[2] He was Minister for Defence in the Kingston Government, and in 1899 organised the first two South Australian contingents for service in South Africa in 1899.

Federal, and a brief return to State, Parliament[edit]

On 11 July 1907 O'Loghlin was appointed by the South Australian Parliament to a vacancy in the Senate created when Anti-Socialist Senator Joseph Vardon's election was declared void. However on 20 December 20 of the same year, O'Loghlin's election was also declared void, and he and Vardon contested a special election on 15 February 1908, which was won by Vardon. Two years later he stood for Flinders, in the South Australian House of Assembly, and was returned, with Thomas Burgoyne and James Grey Moseley. In 1913 he was again a Labor candidate for the Senate, and was returned at the head of the poll, with John Newland and William Senior, and held his seat for six years. He was defeated in 1919, having been the only one of South Australia's five Labor senators not to defect to the Nationalist Party after the 1916 split over conscription. In 1922 he was elected with McHugh and Hoare, but died in 1925; the South Australian Nationalist Government successfully installed Nationalist Henry Barwell to his vacant seat.[3]

Soon after the war broke out in 1914, though well past the fighting age, he volunteered for overseas service, and in 1915 was sent as an officer commanding reinforcements for the First AIF to Egypt, Gallipoli, and France. On his return to Australia he was appointed a member of the Federal Parliamentary Recruiting Committee.

He died at his residence, "Glenvolo", Hawthorn, of tuberculosis,[4] after a long period of ill-health. He left a widow, three sons, who were attending Christian Brothers' College, and one daughter, who was a pupil at the Convent of Mercy school in Angas Street, Adelaide.

Family[edit]

He married Blanche Besley ( – 23 April 1929), daughter of John Besley (ca.1832 – 3 July 1916) of Mount Gambier, his erstwhile schoolmaster, on 23 January 1907. Their children were:

  • son born 28 March 1908
  • daughter born 12 December 1909
  • son born 7 May 1912
  • son born 19 October 1918

A tribute[edit]

" He did good work for the State and the party he represented. ... He was not an orator in the ordinary acceptation of the term, but he had the gift of clear and lucid expression, and his utterances were always sincere, well thought out, and effective. As a Minister of the Crown in the Kingston Government he was a very active, loyal, and kindly colleague, and could always be relied upon for a just, if careful, decision As Chief Secretary he was alert and capable, and his record as a democratic legislator was of a high order. Senator O'Loghlin was also a capable journalist, and founded and edited with success the "Southern Cross". He had a racy pen, a fund of knowledge, and an excellent memory, all of which stood him in good stead in his writings."[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Obituary". Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 12 December 1925. p. 78. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  2. ^ 10th Australian Infantry Regiment, which after Federation merged into Citizens' Defence Forces
  3. ^ Carr, Adam (2008). "Australian Election Archive". Psephos, Adam Carr's Election Archive. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  4. ^ Peter Travers, 'O'Loghlin, James Vincent (1852–1925)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/ologhlin-james-vincent-7905/text13747, published in hardcopy 1988, accessed online 4 October 2014.