|James Pliny Whitney|
|The Hon. Sir James Pliny Whitney|
|6th Premier of Ontario|
February 8, 1905 – September 25, 1914
|Preceded by||George William Ross|
|Succeeded by||William Howard Hearst|
|Member of the Legislative Assembly|
January 31, 1888 – September 25, 1914
|Preceded by||Theodore F. Chamberlain|
|Succeeded by||Irwin Foster Hilliard|
October 2, 1843|
Williamsburgh Township, Upper Canada
|Died||September 25, 1914
|Political party||Ontario Conservative Party|
Sir James Pliny Whitney, KCMG (October 2, 1843 – September 25, 1914) was a politician in the Canadian province of Ontario. Whitney was a lawyer in eastern Ontario, Conservative member for Dundas from 1888 to 1914, and the sixth Premier of Ontario from 1905 to 1914.
Whitney was born in Williamsburgh Township in 1843 and attended Cornwall Grammar School before articling the law office of John Sandfield Macdonald in the 1860s, but did not resume his legal studies until 1871. He was called to the bar in 1875, and practiced law in Morrisburg.
Early political career
Whitney was elected to the Ontario legislature in 1888. He became leader of the Conservative Party in 1896 taking it from a narrow, bigoted rump into a forward-looking party determined to build the province.
Premier of Ontario
Whitney's government laid the basis for Ontario's industrial development by creating the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, with Sir Adam Beck as its chairman and driving force. His government also passed the Workmen's Compensation Act and enacted temperance legislation. He also appeased the anti-Catholic, anti-French-Canadian sentiments of supporters of the Orange Order in his caucus (such as George Howard Ferguson) by passing Regulation 17. This regulation banned the teaching of French in schools beyond the first three years of school. The measure inflamed French-Canadian opinion across Canada, particularly in Quebec, and split the country as it entered World War I.
Whitney died in office shortly after winning the 1914 election.
- Humphries, Charles W. (1998). "Whitney, Sir James Pliny". In Cook, Ramsay; Hamelin, Jean. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. XIV (1911–1920) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- Ontario Plaques - Sir James Pliny Whitney