James Patrick Rossiter

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James Patrick Rossiter
36th Mayor of Erie, Pennsylvania
In office
1932–1936
Preceded by Joseph C. Williams
Succeeded by Charles R. Barber
Personal details
Born (1890-09-13)September 13, 1890
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died September 26, 1943(1943-09-26) (aged 53)
Erie, Pennsylvania
Political party Democratic Party
Alma mater Georgetown University Law School

James Patrick Rossiter (born September 13, 1890, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, died September 26, 1943, Erie, Pennsylvania) was a prominent politician in Pennsylvania.[1][2]

Family[edit]

He was the second of seven children of Louis T. Rossiter, an insurance company superintendent, and his wife Elizabeth C. "Lizzie" (Griffin) Rossiter. The family moved to the Philadelphia suburbs in New Jersey after James was born and by 1900 was living in the town of Wenonah in Gloucester County.[3] His father brought the family to Erie in 1903, where he again worked in the insurance field. By 1910, the family lived at 439 West Fifth Street, just off Erie's posh Millionaires Row, which runs along West Sixth Street between Perry Square and Gridley Park.[4][5][6] After World War I, he returned to living with his parents at their West Fifth Street home.[7] In 1930, he and two adult siblings were living with their widowed father at 616 West Ninth Street, just southwest of their West Fifth Street homestead.[8]

Education[edit]

He attended the Burns School in Erie and graduated Erie High School in 1910. He studied pre-law at the Pennsylvania State College, where he served one year in ROTC as a condition of his attendance at what was then a land-grant college. He finished his law studies at Georgetown University Law School, where he graduated in 1916.[4]

Military service[edit]

Regarding Rossiter's service in World War I, John G. Carney's "Highlights of Erie Politics" says that Rossiter enlisted in the US Army as a private, served eighteen months, and left as a captain.[4] His New York Times obituary says Rossiter served as a lieutenant in an artillery unit in World War I.[1] He was among the founders of the Roger Israel Post 11 of the American Legion and actively promoted the cause of veterans.[4]

Career[edit]

Rossiter was a lawyer in Erie when he registered for military service in June 1917.[9] After the war, he resumed his legal work from his parents' West Fifth Street home.[10]

He was admitted to the bar and practiced law in the District of Columbia and Erie County, Pennsylvania. He appeared before the District of Columbia court, United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and the Supreme Court of the United States.[4] He was a lawyer in private practice living in Erie when he registered for the draft in 1943.[11]

He served as mayor of Erie, Pennsylvania from 1932 to 1936.[12]

After the mayoralty, he was appointed chief counsel to Pennsylvania's General State Authority in 1937. He resigned that post effective 31 July 1939 and was considering the Democratic candidacy for judge of the Erie County Court of Common Pleas. He was to be replaced in the general counsel position by Winfred D. Lewis of Lansford, Pennsylvania [13]

He was an unsuccessful candidate for judge of the Superior Court of Pennsylvania in 1928.[4][14] He served as assistant district attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania, but twice failed in his bid for the position of district attorney.[4]

He was the supportive Democratic Party chairman for Erie County when Democratic-Liberal candidate for state governor John Hemphill visited Erie in October 1930, pushing for repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment.[15] He represented his party to three of its national conventions.[1] He seconded the nomination of former Governor Alfred E. Smith as the presidential candidate at the 1932 Democratic National Convention.[16] He was also named to attend the 1936 Democratic National Convention.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c New York Times obituary, 26 September 1943
  2. ^ World War Two Draft Registration, dob 13 September 1890, pob Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  3. ^ 1900 Federal Census for New Jersey, Enumeration District 149
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Carney, John G., Highlights of Erie Politics, 1960, pg 117
  5. ^ 1910 Federal Census for Pennsylvania, Erie County, Erie, Ward 4, Enumeration District 95
  6. ^ Watson-Curtze Mansion, Erie County Historical Society
  7. ^ 1920 Federal Census for Pennsylvania, Erie County, Erie, Ward 4, Enumeration District 97
  8. ^ 1930 Federal Census for Pennsylvania, Erie County, Erie, Ward 3, District 48
  9. ^ World War I Draft Registration Card
  10. ^ 1920 Federal Census for Pennsylvania, Ward 4, Enumeration District 97; The census enumerator transposed Rossiter's and his brother's occupations in 1920, showing James as an insurance agent and his brother as a lawyer, but this was reversed in the 1930 census. The brothers' birth places were likewise reversed in 1920 and correct in 1930.
  11. ^ World War Two Draft Registration
  12. ^ Carney, John G., Highlights of Erie Politics, 1960, pg 184
  13. ^ Gettysburg (Pennsylvania) Times, 19 July 1939
  14. ^ Warren (Pennsylvania) Tribune, 23 April 1928
  15. ^ Uniontown (Pennsylvania) Morning Herald, 21 October 1930
  16. ^ The Chronicle-Telegram of Elyria, Ohio, 1 July 1932
  17. ^ Clearfield (Pennsylvania) Progress, 27 April 1936