James Philipps

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

James Philipps (1594–2 May 1674) was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1653 and 1662. He was a supporter of the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War.

Life[edit]

Philipps was the eldest son of George Philipps of Tregibby who was a member of a leading Cardiganshire family and had been High Sheriff in 1606. He matriculated from Jesus College, Oxford in 1610. During the Civil War, he was acting as a Commissioner of Sequestration in west Wales. He was also a colonel in the Parliamentary army and was appointed a member of the High Court of Justice. He became High Sheriff of Cardiganshire in 1649.[1]

In 1653, Philipps was nominated one of the representatives for Wales in the Barebones Parliament. He was elected Member of Parliament for Cardiganshire in 1654 for the First Protectorate Parliament. In 1656 he was elected MP for Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire and chose to sit for Pembrokeshire in the Second Protectorate Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Cardiganshire in 1659 for the Third Protectorate Parliament.[2]

In April 1660 Philipps was elected MP for Cardigan in the Convention Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Cardigan in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament but was unseated on petition on 30 April 1662.[3]

Family[edit]

Philips married firstly Frances Phillips daughter of Sir Richard Phillips Bt. of Picton, Pembrokeshire. He married secondly in 1647 Katherine Fowler daughter of John Fowler merchant of London. Katherine died in June 1664 and Philipps married thirdly Anne Rudd daughter of Sir Richard Rudd Bt. of Aberglasney, Carmathenshire.[1]

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Created for Barebones Parliament
Member of Parliament for Wales
1653
With: Bussy Mansell
John Williams
Hugh Courtenay
Richard Price
John Brown
Succeeded by
Reversion to former constituencies
Preceded by
Not represented in Barebones Parliament
Member of Parliament for Cardiganshire
1654-1656
With: Jenkin Lloyd
Succeeded by
John Clark
Preceded by
Sir Erasmus Philipps, 3rd Baronet
Arthur Owen
Member of Parliament for Pembrokeshire
1656
With: John Clark
Succeeded by
Sir Erasmus Philipps, 3rd Baronet
Preceded by
John Clark
Member of Parliament for Cardiganshire
1659
Succeeded by
Not represented in Restored Rump