James Plimsoll

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The Honourable
Sir James Plimsoll
AC CBE KStJ
22nd Governor of Tasmania
In office
1 October 1982 – 8 May 1987
Monarch Elizabeth II
Premier Doug Lowe (1981)
Harry Holgate (1981-82)
Robin Gray (1982-87)
Preceded by Sir Stanley Burbury
Succeeded by Sir Phillip Bennett
Secretary of the Department of External Affairs
In office
5 April 1965 – April 1970
Personal details
Born (1917-04-25)25 April 1917
Sydney, New South Wales
Died 8 May 1987(1987-05-08) (aged 70)
Hobart, Tasmania
Alma mater University of Sydney

Sir James Plimsoll AC, CBE, KStJ (25 April 1917 – 8 May 1987) was an Australian diplomat and Governor of Tasmania.

Life and career[edit]

Plimsoll was born in Sydney and educated at Sydney Boys High School (1929–33).[1] He graduated with a Bachelor of Economics from the University of Sydney 1938 and was appointed to the Bank of New South Wales as an economist. In 1941 he graduated as Bachelor of Arts, also from the University of Sydney.[2]

With the outbreak of World War II, he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in 1942. During the War he was attached to the Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs. In 1945 he was a member of the Australian delegation to the Far Eastern Commission, established to oversee the Allied Council for Japan, which was responsible for the Japanese occupation. At the end of the war, he was on the staff of the Australian School of Pacific Administration, then with the rank of Major.[3] was appointed a First Secretary of the Department of External Affairs in 1948.

Korea[edit]

He was appointed the Australian representative on the United Nations Commission for Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea (UNCURK) in 1950, during the Korean War. When UNCURK was established in October 1950 the war was expected to conclude quickly. However, by the time of its first meeting in Seoul in November, China had intervened and unification and rehabilitation was no longer possible. While other UNCURK delegates wanted to leave Korea, Plimsoll persuaded them that it was important that a high-level civilian presence should remain in Korea. UNCURK then moved to the southern city of Busan, along with the Government of the Republic of Korea and played a valuable role in communicating between the Korean Government, the UN military Command and the United Nations in New York. It also observed Korean elections.

Plimsoll had a considerable influence on President Syngman Rhee, to whom he conveyed the views of the United Nations and the troop-contributing nations. He also expressed the Western nations' concerns about Rhee's undemocratic behaviour and abuse of human rights.[4]

Diplomacy[edit]

In 1953, Plimsoll returned to Department of External Affairs. He was appointed as Australia's Permanent Representative to the United Nations in 1959 and he became Australia's High Commissioner to India and Ambassador to Nepal in 1962. In 1965, he became head of the Department of External Affairs.

In 1970, Plimsoll was appointed as Ambassador to the United States of America, a job normally reserved in Australia for senior ex-politicians. In 1974, he became Ambassador to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. He was appointed as Ambassador to Belgium, Luxembourg and the European Economic Community in 1977 and in 1980 became Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. His final diplomatic post was as Ambassador to Japan in 1981 and 1982.

He was described by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Alexander Downer, in 2006 as Australia's "greatest Ambassador".[5]

Governor of Tasmania[edit]

Plimsoll became Governor of Tasmania in 1982. He was only the second bachelor to serve in the office, and, as well as pursuing a punishingly busy schedule of community engagements, took on all the patronages normally held by the Governor's spouse. He was hugely popular in the State and his appointment was extended at the end of five years. Plimsoll's sudden death in office in May 1987 was greeted with widespread mourning. He was accorded a State Funeral at St David's Cathedral in Hobart, attended by the Governor-General of Australia and four other State Governors. His remains were transported to Sydney for interment.

Awards and honours[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE, Sydney High School Old Boys Union 
  2. ^ Hearder, Jeremy, "Plimsoll, Sir James (1917–1987)", Australian Dictionary of Biography (Australian National University), archived from the original on 28 September 2013 
  3. ^ World War II Nominal Roll
  4. ^ "James Plimsoll and UNCURK". Out in the Cold - Australia's involvement in the Korean War. Australian War Memorial. Archived from the original on 2006-09-09. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  5. ^ Downer, Alexander (11 May 2006). "Speech: Australia and Europe: Sharing Global responsibilities". Canberra: Australian Government. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014. 
  6. ^ It's an Honour - Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  7. ^ It's an Honour - Knight Bachelor
  8. ^ It's an Honour - Companion of the Order of Australia
  9. ^ Plimsoll Drive, ACT Government Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate, archived from the original on 27 February 2014 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Edward Ronald Walker
Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations
1959–1963
Succeeded by
David Hay
Preceded by
Sir Keith Waller
Australian Ambassador to the United States
1970 – 1973
Succeeded by
Sir Patrick Shaw
Preceded by
Sir Gordon Freeth
Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
1980 – 1981
Succeeded by
Sir Victor Garland
Preceded by
John Menadue
Australian Ambassador to Japan
1981 – 1982
Succeeded by
Neil Currie
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Stanley Burbury
Governor of Tasmania
1982 – 1987
Succeeded by
Sir Phillip Bennett
Preceded by
Arthur Tange
Secretary of the Department of External Affairs
1965 – 1970
Succeeded by
Keith Waller