James Purnell

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The Right Honourable
James Purnell
James Purnell Ministerial portrait.jpg
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
In office
24 January 2008 – 4 June 2009
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
Preceded by Peter Hain
Succeeded by Yvette Cooper
Secretary of State for Culture,
Media and Sport
In office
28 June 2007 – 24 January 2008
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
Preceded by Tessa Jowell
Succeeded by Andrew Burnham
Member of Parliament
for Stalybridge and Hyde
In office
7 June 2001 – 6 May 2010
Preceded by Tom Pendry
Succeeded by Jonathan Reynolds
Personal details
Born (1970-03-02) 2 March 1970 (age 44)
London, United Kingdom
Nationality British
Political party None
Other political
affiliations
Labour (until 2013)
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

James Mark Dakin Purnell (born 2 March 1970) is the Director of Strategy and Digital at the BBC being appointed to the post in February 2013.[1] He was a British Labour Party politician, as the Member of Parliament for Stalybridge and Hyde (MP) from 2001 to 2010 general elections, previously serving as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport from 2007 to 2009, resigning from the Government on 4 June 2009, criticising the leadership of Gordon Brown.

Purnell became the director of the Open Left project for Demos in 2009, and was the chair of the Institute for Public Policy Research[2] until 2010 and a Senior Advisor in the Public Sector practice of the Boston Consulting Group.[3] He is also a film producer, the Senior Producer at Rare Day, who produced the film One Mile Away.

Early life[edit]

Born in the City of London, he received most of his education in France before returning to study for his A Levels at the Royal Grammar School, Guildford and then read Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Balliol College, Oxford. As a student he worked in his summer vacation as a researcher for Tony Blair from 1989 to 1992. After graduating from Oxford University with a first class degree. he worked as a research fellow at the Institute for Public Policy Research before moving to the BBC to become Head of Corporate Planning.

Between May 1994 and May 1998 he was a Labour Councillor in Islington, representing Canonbury East ward, where he chaired the housing committee for the year 1996-7. In 1997 Purnell returned to work as a special adviser at Number 10, remaining in the post until 2001. He also served as a board member of the Young Vic theatre. Purnell was the fiance of Lucy Walker who was a contemporary of his at Oxford. Their relationship ended in 2009.

Member of Parliament[edit]

Purnell was selected as the Labour candidate for the seat of Stalybridge and Hyde in 2001, and won the seat in that year's general election with a majority of 8,859. As a Labour MP, he was a member of the Work and Pensions Select Committee in the House of Commons 2001–03, the Chair of the All Party Group on Private Equity and Venture Capital 2002–03, and the Chair of Labour Friends of Israel 2002–04.[4]

In government[edit]

Purnell at the Policy Network Progressive Governance Conference 2009

In 2003 Purnell became Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Ruth Kelly in the Cabinet Office, and in December 2004 he joined the Government as a Whip in the government reshuffle following the resignation of David Blunkett.

After Labour was returned to power after the general elections in 2005, he was appointed to the position of Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Creative Industries and Tourism in the Department for Culture, Media and Sport where he was in charge of preparing the legislation that liberalised England and Wales' alcohol licensing laws and created tax breaks for the film industry. In May 2006 he was promoted to be Minister of State for Pensions in the Department for Work and Pensions, replacing Stephen Timms.

In 2007 he was named Consumer Champion Of The Year by Which? magazine for his work on pensions. Which? cited his "commitment to consumers in the development of the national pensions saving scheme", particularly for listening to stakeholders and for his contributions to the personal accounts for low and middle earners.[5]

In June 2007, he entered the Cabinet as the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport; he was its youngest member. He was promoted to Work and Pensions Secretary after the resignation of Peter Hain on 24 January 2008.

Faked photograph[edit]

In September 2007, a photograph of James Purnell was faked and released by the press office at Tameside General Hospital as part of a press release for the Tameside Hospital Private Finance Initiative (PFI) rebuilding deal.[6] The Tameside Trust claimed that Purnell agreed to the amalgamation of the two photographs,[7] as he was late for the original photo call, but Purnell denied this. Another Labour MP, Tom Levitt, present for the photoshoot stated that he and other Labour MPs deliberately left a gap for Purnell when the original photograph was taken, knowing that Purnell's image would be superimposed onto their photograph.[8]

Interest on crisis loans proposal[edit]

In December 2008, Purnell proposed charging interest on crisis loans to the unemployed and pensioners made by the Department for Work and Pensions, which are currently interest-free, at a rate of up to 26.8 percent per annum. This was met with great hostility and was blocked by the intervention of Prime Minister Gordon Brown.[9]

Expenses scandal[edit]

In 2009, Purnell was one of many MPs involved in a political scandal following the 2009 expenses scandal. Purnell told the parliamentary authorities that his main home was in Manchester and claimed the "second home" allowance for his flat in London. In October 2004, Purnell sold his London flat but told HM Revenue and Customs it was his "principal home", not his "second home". A spokesman on behalf of Purnell said that "Any allegation that James avoided capital gains tax is completely untrue. When he bought his constituency home, the sale of his London flat fell through, but it was sold within the period that HMRC continue to treat it as not being liable for CGT ... This would have been true for any taxpayer – there was no special treatment".[10] Also in 2004 Purnell claimed £395 for an accountant's bill which included "tax advice provided in October 2004 regarding sale of flat".[10][11]

Whilst renting a flat between 2004 and 2006 Purnell claimed £100 a month for cleaning expenses and £586 for repairs. At the end of the lease the landlord kept the £2,520 deposit, claiming the flat to have been in a poor state. A spokesman for Purnell stated: "James felt frustrated that the landlord refused to return the deposit. He initially pursued the matter through legal channels but let it rest as the costs of fighting it further would far outweigh recouping the deposit".[12] Allegation were made by a Sunday newspaper that Purnell claimed more than £1,500 a month rent for the flat although he was half of the £1,820 a month rent and his fiancée was paying the rest. A spokesman for Purnell said "Despite being entitled to claim in full for the whole rental cost incurred by him and his partner, James claimed less than the amount he himself spent. The rules of the House of Commons make it clear that an MP is entitled to be reimbursed for the rent or mortgage paid by the MP and their partner. Nevertheless, James went out of his way to ensure overall he claimed less for accommodation than he himself paid".[13] Purnell also claimed £247 for 3,000 fridge magnets.[14]

Resignation from Cabinet[edit]

On 4 June 2009 Purnell, announced his resignation from the Cabinet, calling upon Gordon Brown to resign as Prime Minister.[15] His resignation came only days after the resignations of Home Secretary Jacqui Smith, whose expenses had also caused controversy, and Communities Secretary Hazel Blears, who had also avoided paying capital gains tax on her property.

The news came just minutes after polls closed in the local and European elections - in which Labour performed disastrously.

His letter to the Prime Minister, which was also sent to a number of newspapers as well, read:[16]

Dear Gordon,

We both love the Labour Party. I have worked for it for 20 years and you for far longer. We know we owe it everything and it owes us nothing. I owe it to our party to say what I believe no matter how hard that may be. I now believe your continued leadership makes a Conservative victory more, not less likely.

That would be disastrous for our country. This moment calls for stronger regulation, an active state, better public services, an open democracy.

It calls for a government that measures itself by how it treats the poorest in society. Those are our values, not David Cameron's.

We therefore owe it to our country to give it a real choice. We need to show that we are prepared to fight to be a credible government and have the courage to offer an alternative future.

I am therefore calling on you to stand aside to give our party a fighting chance of winning. As such I am resigning from government. The party was here long before us, and we want it to be here long after we have gone. We must do the right thing by it.

I am not seeking the leadership, nor acting with anyone else. My actions are my own considered view, nothing more.

If the consensus is that you should continue, then I will support the government loyally from the backbenches. But I do believe that this question now needs to be put.

Thank you for giving me the privilege of serving.

Yours,

Rt Hon James Purnell MP[16]

Post-parliamentary career[edit]

On 19 February 2010, Purnell announced he would be standing down as an MP later that year, saying "I have decided that I no longer wish to be an MP. I have spent all my working life in or about Westminster. And while this has been a huge privilege, I've realised I don't want to have spent all my life in frontline politics."[17] He pointed to his work with Demos as occupying him in the immediate future.[17]

After leaving parliament, Purnell became the chair of the Institute for Public Policy Research. It was touted that he would stand for the Labour candidacy to become Mayor of London, but he decided against this option.[18] He supported David Miliband in the Labour leadership election of 2010 and worked in his campaign, although he was subsequently offered the job of chief of staff to the new leader of the Labour Party, Ed Miliband, a job he turned down.

Purnell has become linked with the Blue Labour tendency within the Labour Party[19] and in April 2011 he was appointed by the Boston Consulting Group as a "Special Advisor to their Public Sector Group".[20] In July 2011, he appeared on Newsnight with proposed welfare reforms, as part of his involvement in Blue Labour. He called for a 'National Salary Insurance', a Job Guarantee and free universal childcare, but also said that "freebies" such as Winter Fuel Allowance and free bus passes should not become sacred. He did not rule out returning to Parliament in 2015, but declared his support for Ed Miliband and his leadership.

In February 2013, Purnell left the IPPR and re-joined the BBC as its Director of Strategy.[21] and assumed this position on 20 March.[22] As a senior BBC employee he has had to resign his membership of the Labour Party for the time being.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conlan, Tara (14 February 2013). "James Purnell to rejoin BBC". The Guardian (London). 
  2. ^ http://labourlist.org/2010/07/james-purnell-takes-on-ippr-chair-role/
  3. ^ http://www.bcglondon.com/about_bcg/graham_rich.aspx
  4. ^ Letters, Prospect, February 2005
  5. ^ "Which? awards for the best of the best revealed". 
  6. ^ "NHS trust faked MP visit picture". BBC News. 28 September 2007. 
  7. ^ Purnell 'optimistic' on TV's future
  8. ^ Chris Hastings and Laura Donnelly (30 September 2007). "Labour MPs admit plan to fake Purnell photo". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 November 2014. James Purnell, the Culture Secretary, came under increasing pressure over a fake photo last night, after two Labour MPs revealed they planned in advance for it be altered. 
  9. ^ Winnett, Robert (21 Dec 2008). "Ministers abandon punitive interest rates on emergency loans". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 Dec 2008. Ministers have been forced to hastily abandon plans to charge punitive rates of interest on emergency loans for the poor. 
  10. ^ a b Watt, Holly (21 May 2009). "MPs' expenses: James Purnell and Geoff Hoon avoided tax on home sales". London: Dailly Telegraph. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  11. ^ Woolf, Marie and Watt, Holly (10 February 2008). "James Purnell's £20,000 tax trick". London: Times Online. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  12. ^ Gardham, Duncan (26 April 2009). "Minister James Purnell accused of leaving his flat 'like a pigsty'". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  13. ^ Rosa Prince (4 May 2009). "James Purnell 'claimed expenses on flat partly paid for by his girlfriend'". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  14. ^ Addley, Esther (5 June 2009). "James Purnell grasps the moment and strikes at the heart of No 10". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  15. ^ "PM told to go as minister quits". BBC News. 4 June 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  16. ^ a b "Purnell resignation letter". BBC News. 4 June 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009. 
  17. ^ a b "James Purnell to stand down as MP". BBC News. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2010. 
  18. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23835226-alan-johnson-to-take-on-boris-johnson-for-london-mayor.do
  19. ^ "Blue Labour: Party's radical answer to the Big Society?". BBC News. 21 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "The Boston Consulting Group strengthens their Public Sector group by appointing James Purnell, Senior Advisor". Boston Consultancy Group in London. April 7, 2011. 
  21. ^ Tara Conlan "James Purnell to rejoin BBC", guardian.co.uk, 14 February 2013
  22. ^ "James Purnell, Director, Strategy & Digital", Inside the BBC

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Tom Pendry
Member of Parliament for Stalybridge and Hyde
20012010
Succeeded by
Jonathan Reynolds
Political offices
Preceded by
Tessa Jowell
Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
2007–2008
Succeeded by
Andy Burnham
Preceded by
Peter Hain
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Yvette Cooper