James R. Kass

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James R. Kass is a Canadian physicist engaged in the domain of human spaceflight.


Kass holds a Bachelor of Science (BSc) in physics and mathematics (Montreal) and a Master of Science (MS) in physics (Ann Arbor, Michigan), and a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in physics in Leeds, England.[1]


After he completed his PhD Dr Kass joined the Max-Planck Institute to research in Nuclear Physics. Starting a career of more than 30 years in human spaceflight,[2] he worked as a scientist at the department of medicine at Joh.-Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany, where he researched in Neurophysiology and space medicine, particularly in the domain of sensory perception. This work was carried out in conjunction with two Spacelab missions, Spacelab-1 and Spacelab-D1. Following this he worked for the aerospace industry in Bremen and Munich in the sectors of space operations, tele-medical research, artificial intelligence, and human behaviour, performing work in neutral buoyancy, in parabolic flight, with the MIR station and with long-duration isolation missions. He joined ESTEC as senior scientist in 2000 where he worked on the STS-107 Spacehab/Space Shuttle mission. He has worked in the domain of psychology of long-duration spaceflight lecturing at University College London (UCL) (England) and Concordia University (Montreal, Canada). He has worked in the domain of telemedicine and eHealth, being a member of the Telemedicine Alliance project, where he contributed in the domains of Data Privacy[3][4] and eSurveillance.[5][6] He currently runs a space consultancy.[7]


Selected bibliography[edit]

eHealth & telemedicine[edit]

Human spaceflight & psychosocial issues[edit]

  • Kass, R.; Kass, J.; Binder, H.; Kraft, N. (2010). "Conflict-Handling Mode Scores of Three Crews Before and After a 264-Day Spaceflight Simulation". Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 81 (5): 502. doi:10.3357/ASEM.1623.2010.  edit
  • Kass, J; Kass, R; Samaltedinov, I (1995). "Psychological considerations of man in space: Problems & solutions". Acta astronautica 36 (8–12): 657–60. doi:10.1016/0094-5765(95)00155-7. PMID 11541001.  edit
  • Kass, R; Kass, J (1995). "Group dynamics training for manned spaceflight and the CAPSULS mission: Prophylactic against incompatibility and its consequences?". Acta astronautica 36 (8–12): 567–73. doi:10.1016/0094-5765(95)00143-3. PMID 11540989.  edit
  • Kass, R; Kass, J; Binder, H; Kraft, N (2010). "Conflict-handling mode scores of three crews before and after a 264-day spaceflight simulation". Aviation, space, and environmental medicine 81 (5): 502–5. PMID 20464818.  edit
  • Kass, J. R.; Ellmers, F; Schiemann, J (1996). "Operational evaluation of the EXEMSI project. Experimental Campaign for the European Manned Space Infrastructure". Advances in space biology and medicine 5: 357–73. doi:10.1016/s1569-2574(08)60070-2. PMID 8814809.  edit
  • Kass, R; Kass, J (1999). "Psycho-social training for man in space". Acta astronautica 45 (2): 115–8. doi:10.1016/s0094-5765(99)00108-3. PMID 11543208.  edit

Neurophysiology & sensory perception in weightlessness[edit]

  • von Baumgarten, R; Kass, J; Vogel, H; Wetzig, J (1989). "Influence of proprioceptive information on space orientation on the ground and in orbital weightlessness". Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) 9 (11): 223–30. doi:10.1016/0273-1177(89)90077-x. PMID 11537335.  edit
  • Kass, J. R.; Vogel, H (1986). "Subjective vertical before and after space flight". Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) 6 (12): 171–4. doi:10.1016/0273-1177(86)90082-7. PMID 11537818.  edit
  • Kass, J; von Baumgarten, R; Benson, A; Berthoz, A; Brandt, Th; Brand, U; Bruzek, W; Dichgans, J; Probst, Th; Scherer, H; Vieville, Th; Vogel, H; Wetzig, J (1984). "The European vestibular experiments in Spacelab-1". Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) 4 (10): 3–9. PMID 11539641.  edit
  • von Baumgarten, R. J.; Vogel, H; Kass, J. R. (1981). "Nausogenic properties of various dynamic and static force environments". Acta astronautica 8 (9–10): 1005–13. doi:10.1016/0094-5765(81)90072-2. PMID 11543089.  edit
  • Wetzig, J; Hofstetter-Degen, K; Kass, J. R.; Reiser, M (1991). "Parabolic flight as a tool to measure ocular counterrotation in a reduced force environment". Microgravity science and technology 4 (1): 39–44. PMID 11541452.  edit
  • von Baumgarten, R; Benson, A; Berthoz, A; Brandt, T; Brand, U; Bruzek, W; Dichgans, J; Kass, J; Probst, T; Scherer, H (1984). "Effects of rectilinear acceleration and optokinetic and caloric stimulations in space". Science 225 (4658): 208–12. doi:10.1126/science.6610216. PMID 6610216.  edit
  • Vogel, H; Kass, J. R. (1986). "European vestibular experiments on the Spacelab-1 mission: 7. Ocular counterrolling measurements pre- and post-flight". Experimental brain research 64 (2): 284–90. doi:10.1007/bf00237745. PMID 3803474.  edit
  • Benson, A. J.; Kass, J. R.; Vogel, H (1986). "European vestibular experiments on the Spacelab-1 mission: 4. Thresholds of perception of whole-body linear oscillation". Experimental brain research 64 (2): 264–71. doi:10.1007/bf00237742. PMID 3492383.  edit
  • von Baumgarten, R. J.; Wetzig, J; Vogel, H; Kass, J. R. (1982). "Static and dynamic mechanisms of space vestibular malaise". The Physiologist 25 (6): S33–6. PMID 6985270.  edit
  • Kass, J. R.; Bruzek, W; Probst, T; Thümler, R; Vieville, T; Vogel, H (1986). "European vestibular experiments on the Spacelab-1 mission: 2. Experimental equipment and methods". Experimental brain research 64 (2): 247–54. doi:10.1007/bf00237740. PMID 3492381.  edit

Nuclear physics[edit]

  • Ahrens, G.; Harfst, W.; Kass, J. R.; Mason, E. V.; Schober, H.; Steffens, G.; Waeffler, H.; Bock, P.; Grotz, K. (1982). "Search for parity violation in the 1081 keV gamma transition of 18F". Nuclear Physics A 390 (3): 486. Bibcode:1982NuPhA.390..486A. doi:10.1016/0375-9474(82)90280-9.  edit
  • Bodem, F.; Kass, J. R.; Brussatis, F.; Wackerhagen, A. "Bestimmung der Reichweite elektromyographischer Potentiale durch Vermessung des Potentialfeldes eines Muskelfasermodells im elektrolytischem Trog". Biomedizinische Technik/Biomedical Engineering 26: 3. 1981. doi:10.1515/bmte.1981.26.s1.3.  edit
  • Hazen, W. E.; Green, B. R.; Hodson, A. L.; Kass, J. R. (1975). "A search for precursors to extensive air showers". Nuclear Physics B 96 (3): 401. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(75)90337-5.  edit
  • Hazen, W. E.; Hodson, A. L.; Winterstein, D. F.; Green, B. R.; Kass, J. R.; Keller, O. A. (1975). "Search for quarks in cosmic rays with the Leeds cloud chamber". Nuclear Physics B 95 (2): 189. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(75)90040-1.  edit